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Immunodetection of gentamicin (GM) was carried out on surface preparations of the whole organ of Corti from cochleas of guinea pigs treated daily with GM at a dose of 60 mg/kg/day and sacrificed at the end of different treatment periods. Cochlear function was determined just before sacrifice, 24 h after the last injection. Threshold elevations, mainly at(More)
Guinea pigs (GPs) receiving one intra-muscular injection of gentamicin (GM) (150 mg/kg) in which 2 mg of tritiated GM (2 mCi) were incorporated, followed 1.5 h later by an intra-cardiac injection of ethacrynic acid (EA) (30 mg/kg) were sacrificed 25 min, 1, 4 and 24 h after the EA injection. Other GPs were treated with one injection of GM or EA alone and(More)
Presence of gentamicin (GM) in cochlear hair cells was detected by immunohistochemistry in guinea pigs (GPs) cochlea 1, 9 and 41 days after a 6-day treatment with GM at 60 mg/kg/day (s.c.). The number of GPs in each group was respectively 7, 12 and 6. Twelve other non-treated GPs served as controls. Cochlear function was measured, just before sacrifice, by(More)
VIII nerve compound action potentials evoked by electrical stimulation are decomposed in series of pure-tone derived potentials using masking. These potentials are in turn decomposed in a series of contributions from various frequency bands by adding high-pass masking noises. The amplitudes of the derived signals are thought to be proportional to the number(More)
Electrically-evoked VIIIth nerve CAP responses evoked by electrical stimulation and derived by masking with sounds are recorded in the guinea pig, using different masking paradigms (pure tones and high-pass filtered white noise). CAP frequency threshold curves correlate with threshold curves determined by other means, in normal as well as in pathological(More)
Confocal laser scanning microscopy and immunofluorescence were used to detect gentamicin at the single cell level in the sensory cells of the guinea-pig hearing organ after a chronic systemic treatment. Gentamicin uptake by the hair cells precedes largely the manifestation of hearing impairment. We demonstrate that for a non-ototoxic treatment the captured(More)
The in vitro motility and viability of outer hair cells isolated from cochleae of normal control guinea pigs have been compared to that of guinea pigs exposed, just before sacrifice, to low-frequency high-intensity noise inducing acute 30 dB thresholds shifts at all frequencies below 10 kHz. The results indicate that the cells' viability is shortened, their(More)
Regional selectivity of gentamicin (GM) ototoxicity was studied in guinea pigs (GPs) using electrophysiological, morphological, autoradiographic and immunohistological observations following combined treatment with GM (150 mg/kg i.m.) and ethacrynic acid (EA) (30 mg/kg i.c. or i.v., 1.5 h after GM injection). The GPs were either continuously stimulated(More)
Recent experiments using autoradiographic and immunohistochemical labelling of gentamicin have demonstrated that GM penetrates specifically into the sensory cells of the inner ear, with a good correlation between the intensity of the labelling and the respective degrees and localisations of ototoxic damages. In the sensory hair cells GM ils localised below(More)
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