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Chemotherapy has been used on a large scale in countries where the blood fluke Schistosoma japonicum is endemic. This has led to a lower intensity of infections and consequently lower diagnostic values of commonly used diagnostic tests like serology and Kato-Katz stool smear. We designed a novel real-time PCR method for detection of S. japonicum in stool(More)
A field investigation was undertaken following an outbreak of water-borne tularemia in Northern Norway. Francisella tularensis bacterial cellular components were analysed by rapid immunochromatography (RI)-testing, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Water from 1 reservoir, fed from a rapid stream, tested negative.(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium and Ureaplasma genitalium in populations outside sexually transmitted infection clinics in Norway is unknown. OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence of potential sexually transmitted organisms in a non-clinical setting, among college students in Northern Norway. METHODS In total 655 students, 449 men and(More)
We have previously demonstrated that experimental expression of the polyomavirus transcription factor T-antigen has the potential to induce anti-DNA antibodies in mice. Two sets of independent evidences are presented here that demonstrate a biological relevance for this model. First, we describe results demonstrating that mice inoculated with(More)
Russia and Eastern Europe have the fastest growing HIV epidemic in the world. As sexually transmitted infections (STIs) play an important role in HIV transmission, we conducted this study to find the prevalence of three microorganisms associated with STIs in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. First void urine from 1729 participants was analysed using nucleic acid(More)
The genetical relatedness between epidemiologically linked fecal VRE strains from poultry farmers (n = 5) and their broilers (n = 7) at five avoparcin-exposed Norwegian farms was examined. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of bacterial chromosomal digests and structural analysis of vanA resistance elements was performed. Animal and human Enterococcus(More)
Glycopeptide-resistant enterococci (GRE) associated with multiple antibiotic resistance present a major challenge to clinical practice and infection control due to limited or nonexistent antimicrobial treatment options. The genes encoding VanA- and VanB-type glycopeptide resistance have been shown to reside on transposons Tn1546 and Tn1547, respectively.(More)
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