H. -H. Steinbiss

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The polymorphic barley (Hordeum vulgare) Mla locus harbors allelic race-specific resistance (R) genes to the powdery mildew fungus Blumeria graminis f sp hordei. The highly sequence-related MLA proteins contain an N-terminal coiled-coil structure, a central nucleotide binding (NB) site, a Leu-rich repeat (LRR) region, and a C-terminal non-LRR region. Using(More)
Efficient regeneration (80%) and high frequency genetic transformation (10–33%) were achieved by culturing protoplasts isolated from hypocotyl tissues of six day old Brassica oleracea seedlings and by subjecting these protoplasts to PEG mediated direct plasmid uptake. Three different plasmid vectors carrying marker genes for resistance to methotrexate(More)
The reporter genes for Chloramphenicolacetyltransferase (CAT), Neomycinphosphotransferase-(NPT)-II and β-Glucuronidase (GUS) were compared in transient gene expression experiments in tobacco mesophyll protoplasts. For this purpose, nearly identical chimeric genes controlled by the CaMV 35 S promoter were constructed. The detection level of each system was(More)
The role played by histone acetyltransferase (HAT), GCN5, in transcriptional co-activation has been analysed in detail in yeast and mammals. Here, we present the cloning and expression pattern of Zmgcn5, the maize homologue. The enzymatic activity of the recombinant ZmGCN5 was analysed with histone and nucleosome substrates. In situ hybridisation of(More)
Cereal seed development depends on the intimate interaction of filial and maternal tissues, ensuring nourishment of the new generation. The gene jekyll, which was identified in barley (Hordeum vulgare), is preferentially expressed in the nurse tissues. JEKYLL shares partial similarity with the scorpion Cn4 toxin and is toxic when ectopically expressed in(More)
RAD51, the eukaryotic homolog of the bacterial RecA recombinase, plays a central role in homologous recombination (HR) in yeast and animals. Loss of RAD51 function causes lethality in vertebrates but not in other animals or in the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana, suggesting that RAD51 is vital for highly developed organisms but not for others. Here, we(More)
The early events of transient gene expression have been investigated monitoring CAT activity in tobacco protoplasts encoded by the recombinant plasmid pRT101cat. The first appearance of CAT activity was observed within 30 minutes after the outset of cultivation, and maximal values were obtained between four and 24 hours. CAT expression, at the level of RNA(More)
The first steps to successful microinjection in plant cells of different types of macromolecules (RNA, DNA and protein) are reported. Evidence is also given that plant cells can survive the mechanical injury of the injection procedure. By attaching the cells to coverslips with polylysine, the progeny of an individual cell can be followed microscopically.(More)
Gene isolation from plants by positional cloning frequently requires several rounds of transformation. To reduce the resources invested and to accelerate the process, we have used large DNA fragments in transformation experiments, followed by analysis of transgenic plants to assess functional complementation. Specifically, the transformation of potato with(More)