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The functional interaction of BAFF and APRIL with TNF receptor superfamily members BAFFR, TACI and BCMA is crucial for development and maintenance of humoral immunity in mice and humans. Using a candidate gene approach, we identified homozygous and heterozygous mutations in TNFRSF13B, encoding TACI, in 13 individuals with common variable immunodeficiency.(More)
In this study, we investigated the expression patterns of 15 matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and three tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase in gliomas, medulloblastomas, and normal brain tissue. By Northern blot analysis we found increased levels of mRNAs encoding for gelatinase A, gelatinase B, two membrane-type MMPs (mt1- and mt2-MMP), and tissue(More)
OBJECTIVE Recurrent digital ulcers are a manifestation of vascular disease in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) and lead to pain, impaired function, and tissue loss. We investigated whether treatment with the endothelin receptor antagonist, bosentan, decreased the development of new digital ulcers in patients with SSc. METHODS This was a(More)
In rheumatoid arthritis (RA) the proliferation of synovial lining cells appears to be one of the initial pathologic changes that contributes to the destruction of articular joints. To understand the pathomechanisms involved in these functional changes, we analyzed the transcriptional regulation of the zinc-finger gene 225 (Z-225/Egr-1), a transcription(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of HLA class II antigens in Caucasian central European patients with relapsing polychondritis (RP). METHODS HLA class I, DR, and DQ specificities were identified in 41 patients with RP, and the frequencies were compared with those in 204 healthy, unrelated control subjects. HLA typing was performed using the standard(More)
OBJECTIVE To register all newly diagnosed patients with primary systemic vasculitis (PSV) in two large regions in north and south Germany. METHODS Between 1 January 1998 and 31 December 1999, all newly diagnosed cases of PSV, as defined by the Chapel Hill Consensus Conference 1992, were identified in two large mixed rural/urban regions in north and south(More)
In a multicenter study more than 300 central European systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients were examined for HLA-B, HLA-DR, and complement C4 phenotypes. For 174 SLE patients MHC haplotypes were determined by family segregation analysis, and for 155 patients C4 gene deletions were determined by TaqI restriction fragment length polymorphism. Two(More)
FHL-1/reconectin and factor H are two human complement regulators which are encoded by a single gene. FHL-1/reconectin contains the first 7 of 20 SCR protein domains of factor H and has four unique residues attached to its C-terminal end. The overlapping region of 445 amino acids explains the related complement regulatory functions of the two proteins.(More)
Peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) and alloreactive T cell lines of two male infants born to consanguinous parents and presenting with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) showed a pronounced deficiency in T cell activation. Although phenotypically normal, the proliferative response of the childrens' T cells was strongly reduced but could be improved by(More)
A soluble form of the complement receptor CD21 (sCD21) is shed from the lymphocyte surface. The amount of sCD21 in serum may modulate immunity as sCD21 levels are correlated with several clinical conditions. We report here the serum levels of sCD21 in juvenile arthritis (JA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Using(More)