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We have recently developed antisera which recognize epitopes of the cloned delta-opioid receptor (DOR; Dado et al., 1993). In the present report we have further characterized these antisera, and raised additional antisera in rats. We used these antisera to determine the distribution of DOR-like immunoreactivity (-Ll) in rat spinal cord and brainstem in(More)
It is generally accepted that the internalization and desensitization of mu-opioid receptor (MOR) involves receptor phosphorylation and beta-arrestin recruitment. However, a mutant MOR, which is truncated after the amino acid residue Ser363 (MOR363D), was found to undergo phosphorylation-independent internalization and desensitization. As expected, MOR363D,(More)
Spinal opioid-induced itch, a prevalent side effect of pain management, has been proposed to result from pain inhibition. We now report that the μ-opioid receptor (MOR) isoform MOR1D is essential for morphine-induced scratching (MIS), whereas the isoform MOR1 is required only for morphine-induced analgesia (MIA). MOR1D heterodimerizes with gastrin-releasing(More)
The agonists of mu-opioid receptor (OPRM1) induce extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation through different pathways: morphine uses the protein kinase C (PKC)-pathway, whereas fentanyl functions in a beta-arrestin2-dependent manner. In addition, the two pathways result in the different cellular location of phosphorylated ERK and the(More)
Previous study has demonstrated that the lack of mu-opioid receptor decreased LTP in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus, suggesting the possibility that the lack of mu-opioid receptor may accompany a change in learning and memory. However, no behavioral study has been undertaken to correlate LTP deficits with spatial memory impairment in mu-opioid(More)
The present study demonstrates a conditional, agonist-dependent phosphorylation of the mu-opioid receptor (MOR-1) by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) in membrane preparations of MOR-1-transfected neuroblastoma Neuro2A cells. Opioid agonist-dependent phosphorylation occurs in a time- and concentration-dependent manner (EC50 approximately 40 nM) and(More)
Rats were administered 3, 6, and 12 mg/kg of d-amphetamine s.c. twice daily on a weekly increasing staircase schedule. On days 1, 7, 14, and 28 after the last injection of amphetamine the animals were challenged with 1 and 3 mg/kg of d-amphetamine and their behavior was observed. The 7-, 14-, and 28-day withdrawn animals required less amphetamine than(More)
Expression of the mu opioid receptor (MOR1) protein is regulated temporally and spatially. Although transcription of its gene has been studied extensively, regulation of MOR1 protein production at the level of translation is poorly understood. Using reporter assays, we found that the MOR1 3'-untranslated region (UTR) represses reporter expression at the(More)
Morphine is one of the analgesics used most to treat chronic pain, although its long-term administration produces tolerance and dependence through neuronal plasticity. The ability of morphine to regulate neuron differentiation in vivo has been reported. However, the detailed mechanisms have not yet been elucidated because of the inability to separate(More)
Mu-opioid receptor regulates microRNA-190 (miR-190) in an agonist-dependent manner; fentanyl, but not morphine, decreases the miR-190 level in rat primary hippocampal neuron cultures and in mouse hippocampi. In this study, the correlation between the cellular content of miR-190 and the mRNA level of its host gene, talin2, suggested that fentanyl decreases(More)