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Corn (Zea mays) is the main cereal produced in and exported from Argentina. The risk of contamination by mycotoxins is related to the mycoflora associated with the corn kernels. This paper reports on the identification of internal and external mycoflora of corn kernels harvested in the main production area in Argentina in 1990. A mycological survey was(More)
A mycological survey was carried out on wheat heads from the main production area of Argentina. The isolation frequency and relative density of species from genus Fusarium and dematiaceous fungi were calculated. F graminearum was the predominant Fusarium species; similar to that observed in the USA and Canada. An analysis of deoxynivalenol (DON) natural(More)
A total of 120 freshly harvested wheat samples from the 2004 season in nine locations from Northern Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, were analysed for trichothecene natural occurrence and associated mycoflora, and for determining the influence of commonly used fungicide field treatment and the cultivar type on trichothecene contamination. The(More)
Corn samples collected from the main production area in Argentina in 1995 were surveyed for the natural occurrence of Fusarium mycotoxins and aflatoxins. Fumonisins B1, B2 and B3 and zearalenone were found in all samples. A positive relationship was found between fumonisins B1, B2 and B3, B1 and B3, and B2 and B3. Deoxynivalenol and aflatoxins were not(More)
Fusarium cultures (27 isolates of Fusarium graminearum, 5 of F. sporotrichioides, 5 of F. semitectum, 2 of F. solani, and one isolate of F. equiseti, F. heterosporum and F. oxysporum respectively, from maize ears) were screened to determine their ability to produce different trichothecenes and zearalenone. Twenty of 27 F. graminearum isolates produced(More)
Freshly harvested soybean, rice and corn from farms and corn-based pelleted feeds were collected from ranches from the coastal and mountain regions in Ecuador during 1998, and assessed for fungal contamination. The most prevalent fungi on pelleted feed were Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium graminearum. The prevalent fungi recovered from soybean were F.(More)
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is an important cereal produced in and exported from Argentina. The risk of contamination by mycotoxins is related to the mycoflora associated with the sorghum grain. This paper reports on the identification of internal mycoflora of sorghum grain harvested in Argentina in 1991, 1992 and 1993, years with different total(More)
The influence of temperature on the growth of nine strains of fungi belonging to the genera Eurotium, Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium has been investigated for the temperature range 15-35 degrees C. The lag phase and the growth rate were evaluated by using a laboratory medium. The maximum growth rate for E. repens, A. wentii and P. chrysogenum was(More)
Alternaria cultures (87 isolates of Alternaria alternata, four of A. tenuissima, two of A. radicina, and three of Alternaria state of Pleospora infectoria respectively, from maize) were screened to determine their ability to produce alternariol (AOH) and alternariol monomethyl ether (AME) on maize and rice. Only 28 A. alternata stains had toxigenic(More)
Corn samples and different dry-milled fractions collected from an industrial mill in Argentina were analysed. Average contaminations were FB(1) 1540 microg kg(-1), FB(2) 716 microg kg(-1) and FB(3) 152 microg kg(-1) in whole corn; FB(1) 135 microg kg(-1), FB(2) 39.1 microg kg(-1) and FB(3) 10.2 microg kg(-1) in corn grits; FB(1) 358 microg kg(-1), FB(2) 122(More)