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AIM To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defects (ASD) with the Amplatzer septal occluder. METHODS 236 consecutive patients with a significant ASD (age 6 months to 46 years, median 5 years; body weight 6.5-79 kg, median 18 kg) were considered for transcatheter closure with the Amplatzer septal occluder; 18(More)
European states within the EEC are required to establish and use diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) in X-ray examinations. However, up to now there have been no DRLs for cardiac catheterization in children, nor as a rule is the effective dose estimated. We have evaluated the dose-area products (DAPs) for three different types of angiocardiography systems(More)
Twenty-six infants and children with congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing cardiac surgery were investigated for alterations in myocardial beta-adrenoceptor density. The patients were divided into three groups according to type and severity of CHD: group I consisted of 6 patients with acyanotic shunt lesions of moderate severity; group II comprised 13(More)
OBJECTIVE Review of the results of surgical correction of atrioventricular septal defects (AVSD), identification of risk factors for mortality and failure of left AV valve repair and determination of the impact of cleft closure on postoperative AV valve function. METHODS Between 1975 and 1995, 121 consecutive patients (55 males, 66 females) underwent(More)
We prospectively examined 1016 infants and children with congenital heart disease (CHD) to detect additional malformation patterns. They were divided into two major groups. In the first group (n = 881), the CHD either occurred alone or was accompanied by a major extracardiac malformation (n = 68, 7.7%). In the second group (n = 135, 13.3%), the CHD was part(More)
AIM To evaluate whether transcatheter closure with the Amplatzer duct occluder offers an alternative to surgical treatment in infants with a persistent ductus arteriosus. METHODS 12 patients under 1 year of age (age 1-11 months, body weight 2.6-8.7 kg) with clinical and echocardiographic findings of a significant duct were considered for transcatheter(More)
Twenty-one cases (13 male, eight female) of atrial automatic tachycardia (AAT) assessed by standard and Holter-ECG in otherwise healthy infants and children have been documented. AAT was incessant in 12 patients, repetitive in seven, and of undetermined type in the remaining two. The frontal P wave axis suggested an ectopic focus in the high right atrium or(More)
Balloon valvuloplasty (BVP) of pulmonary stenosis (PST) was performed in 305 infants and children in 20 heart centres of the Federal Republic of Germany. 273 patients suffered from isolated PST. Their age ranged from 3 days to 18 years (mean = 5.85 +/- 4.82 years), their weight from 2.9 to 60 kg. The pressure gradient was measured invasively in the sedated(More)
BACKGROUND Conceptually the right ventricle (RV) is less suitable to support the Fontan circulation than the left (LV). After palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) involving aortic reconstruction during the Norwood procedure the RV is exposed to abnormal afterload. We studied ventricular function and ventriculo-arterial coupling in HLHS(More)
Compared to single plane angiographic systems, biplane systems offer the possibility of a merged evaluation of the two x-ray projections. A computer program was developed that allows the assessment of enddiastolic and endsystolic volumes and frame-by-frame analysis of the left and right ventricle based on representing the biplane angiograms as optimal(More)