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We applied frequency domain analysis to detect and quantify spontaneous fluctuations in the blood flow velocity of the middle cerebral artery (MCAFV). Instantaneous MCAFV of normal volunteers was detected using transcranial Doppler sonography. Spectral and transfer function analyses of MCAFV and arterial blood pressure (ABP) were performed by fast Fourier(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relation between performance on a dementia screening test and the demographic variables of age, education, gender, and urban vs rural residency. DESIGN Community survey with cluster sampling. SETTING One urban and one rural community from each of four geographic regions in Taiwan, Republic of China. PARTICIPANTS A total of(More)
Seven patients (all men, mean age 32 years, range 17-47) with stroke following methamphetamine inhalation were collected during the last 2 years. Like oral or intravenous abusers, our patients had more hemorrhagic (n = 5) than ischemic strokes (n = 2). Cases of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) were lobar (n = 3), caudate (n = 1) or putaminal (n = 1), whereas(More)
We retrospectively studied 1200 hospitalized acute strokes of all etiologies between July 1990 and August 1992. Ninety-six % of all strokes underwent computed tomography of the head. Fifty-eight percent of the 1200 strokes were brain infarction, 32% brain hemorrhage, 6% subarachnoid hemorrhage and 4% were other stroke subtypes. Thirty (2.5%) of all strokes(More)
Migraine, especially migraine with aura (MA), is an established risk factor for ischemic lesions of the brain. Recent evidence has also linked migraine to a broader range of ischemic vascular disorders including angina, myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, claudication, and cardiovascular mortality. The mechanisms which link migraine to(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of CSF pressure is the only known way to confirm the diagnosis of intracranial hypotension. We aimed to assess colour doppler flow imaging (CDFI) for measurement of blood flow of the superior ophthalmic vein for the diagnosis of intracranial hypotension. METHODS We enrolled 25 consecutive patients with orthostatic headache who had(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Intracranial atherosclerosis is especially prevalent in Asians, but intracranial stent placement and medical treatment for severe intracranial stenosis are controversial. Thus, we compared long-term outcomes of these 2 therapeutic approaches in an Asian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients with angiographically proved severe(More)
The effectiveness of acupuncture in acute stroke remains largely untested and unproved. A randomized, controlled trial was carried out to study the feasibility of acupuncture in combination with conventional supportive treatment for acute stroke patients. A total of 30 patients, aged 46-74, with the onset of symptoms within 36 h were enrolled into the study(More)
PURPOSE To describe and evaluate an application of sonography, transorbital color Doppler flow imaging of the carotid siphon and major intracranial arteries, and to compare it with transtemporal color Doppler flow imaging. METHODS The carotid siphon and major arteries at the base of the brain of 50 healthy volunteers were screened using the transorbital(More)
Data from the medical treatment group of the Aspirin in TIA study were reviewed, and prospective analysis of patients with asymptomatic bruits was performed to see whether carotid stenosis (0 to 49% or 50 to 99%) or ulceration produced an increased risk of ipsilateral TIA or infarct. In symptomatic arteries, greater than 50% stenosis without ulceration(More)