H H Holzgrefe

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The initial myocardial uptake of thallium-201 depends on myocardial blood flow distribution. The phenomenon of delayed thallium redistribution after transiently or chronically altered myocardial perfusion has been described. The net myocardial accumulation of thallium-201 after injection depends upon the net balance between continuing myocardial extraction(More)
Infusion of dipyridamole has been suggested as an alternative to exercise stress for myocardial perfusion imaging for detection of ischemia, but the mechanism and significance of thallium-201 (201Tl) redistribution after administration of dipyridamole are uncertain. If disparate intrinsic cellular efflux rates of 201Tl from normal and relatively(More)
Since its initial description in 1893, alpha-chloralose has undergone extensive pharmacologic evaluation. It has been characterized as a compound possessing potent CNS activity and has been evaluated in humans and animal models for its therapeutic properties. Though the toxicity of the compound prohibits its use as a human therapeutic agent, it has been(More)
Inhibition of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in developing left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy has been demonstrated to have inhibitory effects on myocardial growth. An important mechanism of action of ACE inhibition is modulation of myocardial AT1 Ang II-receptor activity. However, whether and to what extent AT1 Ang II-receptor blockade may(More)
Experimental right ventricular pressure-overload hypertrophy in small mammals is associated with early muscle dysfunction, even before the onset of overt pump failure. Experimental results are quite heterogeneous regarding muscle function of the pressure hypertrophied left ventricle. Muscle dysfunction of the right or left ventricle, when found, may be(More)
Left ventricular (LV) function and mass were measured in six conscious dogs at weekly intervals during the progression of tachycardia-induced dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and during a 1-mo recovery period from DCM (post-DCM). LV end-diastolic volume and LV wall stress increased and LV ejection fraction decreased with each week of pacing. Despite the(More)
Recently, total chemical synthesis of thromboxane was achieved. The in vitro activity of synthetic thromboxane A2 is indistinguishable from biologically generated material. The present study describes the in vivo characterization of synthetic thromboxane A2 on the regional blood flow distribution of the canine heart. Local injections of synthetic(More)
Myocardial thallium-201 (201Tl) uptake and clearance after intravenous administration of dipyridamole (150 micrograms/kg) were determined in 12 open-chest anesthetized dogs with a partial coronary artery stenosis. 201Tl (1.5 mCi) was injected intravenously and myocardial biopsy specimens were obtained 10 min, 60 min, and 2 hr after injection. Serial changes(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical trials have demonstrated that angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition (ACEI) improves survival in patients with long-term left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. However, it remained unclear from these clinical reports whether the beneficial effects of ACEI were due to direct improvements in LV myocardial structure and function. Accordingly,(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition as well as neutral endopeptidase (NEP) inhibition was demonstrated to influence hemodynamics in various cardiac disease states. However, specific effects of chronic combined ACE and NEP inhibition on left ventricular (LV) and myocyte geometry and function remain unclear. In this study, a dual-acting(More)