H H Clarice Yang

Learn More
Beta-blockers, eg, atenolol, are the cornerstone therapy for thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) in patients with Marfan syndrome; however, continued aortic dilatation has been reported. We have demonstrated that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 were upregulated during progression of TAA in Marfan syndrome, accompanied with degenerated elastic fibers and(More)
We have described that the progression of thoracic aortic aneurysm in Marfan syndrome is accompanied with aortic vascular dysfunction. In the present study, we hypothesized that the impaired contractile function and endothelial-dependent relaxation could be resulted from oxidative stress in the thoracic aorta. Adrenergic contraction and cholinergic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Thoracic aortic dissection is a life-threatening complication of Marfan syndrome, a connective tissue disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding fibrillin-1. We have demonstrated that nitric oxide-mediated endothelial-dependent relaxation is impaired in the thoracic aorta in Marfan syndrome. In the present study, we determined(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in chronic kidney disease patients on maintenance dialysis. Given the importance of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in matrix integrity, vascular cell function, and structural stability, we hypothesized that MMP-2 was elevated in the macrovasculature in dialyzed chronic kidney disease(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Marfan syndrome, a connective tissue disorder caused by mutations in FBN1 encoding fibrillin-1, results in life-threatening complications in the aorta, but little is known about its effects in resistance vasculature. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Second-order mesenteric arteries from mice at 3, 6 and 10 months of age (n= 30) heterozygous(More)
AIMS Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes are the prominent risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 regulate vascular structure by degrading elastic fibre and inhibit angiogenesis by generating angiostatin. We hypothesized that MMP-2 and -9 were up-regulated in the arterial vasculature from CKD patients(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities of vascular function and accumulation of oxidative stress have been associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Dialysis modalities, peritoneal dialysis (PD) and haemodialysis (HD) may differentially impact on vascular function and oxidative stress. METHODS Patients undergoing living donor transplantation were studied for(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Uridine 5'-triphosphate (UTP) is a potent vasoconstrictor of cerebral arteries and induces Ca(2+) waves in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). This study aimed to determine the mechanisms underlying UTP-induced Ca(2+) waves in VSMCs of the rat basilar artery. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Isometric force and intracellular Ca(2+)(More)
OBJECTIVE Losartan potassium (INN losartan), an antihypertensive drug, has been shown to prevent thoracic aortic aneurysm in Marfan syndrome through the inhibition of transforming growth factor beta. Recently we reported that doxycycline, a nonspecific inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9, normalized aortic vasomotor function and suppressed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE During development of thoracic aortic aneurysms in a mouse model of Marfan syndrome, upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 was accompanied by compromised aortic constriction and endothelium-dependent relaxation. Losartan has been proposed for the prevention of thoracic aortic aneurysm. We hypothesized that losartan(More)