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(1-->3)-beta-D-glucan is a characteristic fungal cell-wall constituent. To assess the clinical usefulness of this glucan in screening for invasive fungal infection or fungal febrile episodes, we measured the plasma concentration at the time of routine blood culture in 202 febrile episodes by means of factor G, a horseshoe-crab coagulation enzyme that is(More)
We describe a new reverse-genetics system that allows one to efficiently generate influenza A viruses entirely from cloned cDNAs. Human embryonic kidney cells (293T) were transfected with eight plasmids, each encoding a viral RNA of the A/WSN/33 (H1N1) or A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) virus, flanked by the human RNA polymerase I promoter and the mouse RNA polymerase I(More)
In human, there are four AMP deaminase (AMP aminohydrolase, EC isozymes: E1, E2, M and L. Chromatographic, electrophoretic and immunological studies showed the existence of isozymes E1 and E2 in erythrocytes, isozyme M in muscle and isozyme L in liver and brain. The tissues such as heart, kidney and spleen contained isozymes E1, E2 and L. Isozymes(More)
BACKGROUND Intraductal ultrasonography is clinically useful in assessing various pancreatobiliary diseases. This study was carried out to evaluate the usefulness of intraductal ultrasonography in diagnosing tumor extension of cancer of the papilla of Vater. METHODS Thirty-two patients with cancer underwent intraductal ultrasonography. According to the(More)
We studied the development of congenital hydrocephalus found in a colony of an inbred strain of Wistar-Lewis rats (LEW/Jms) at various intervals after birth. The disorder was transmitted as a simple recessive mendelian character. Hydrocephalic neonates were recognized 2 days after birth by stretching of the skin over the head. Death usually occurred between(More)
We found that vimentin, the most widely expressed intermediate filament protein, served as an excellent substrate for Rho-associated kinase (Rho-kinase) and that vimentin phosphorylated by Rho-kinase lost its ability to form filaments in vitro. Two amino-terminal sites on vimentin, Ser38 and Ser71, were identified as the major phosphorylation sites for(More)
We present 3 patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) with extensive and diffuse hypertrophy of the nerve roots and peripheral nerves. They exhibited slowly progressive sensory impairment and distally predominant limb weakness and muscular atrophy, and markedly enlarged palpable nerve trunks. They responded beneficially(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Advances in endoscopy have led to imaging of the details of the gastric mucosa, but the histological diagnosis usually has to be confirmed by endoscopic biopsy. A method of confocal endomicroscopy that has recently been developed allows the observation of living cells in vivo. Several investigators have reported that the technique(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Among colorectal neoplasms, laterally spreading tumors (LSTs) are lesions over 10 mm in diameter that are low in height and grow superficially. As most LSTs are adenomas or mucosal carcinomas, endoscopic resection is desirable, but this has been not easy because of their flat and wide shape. The aim of this study was to explore the(More)