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There have been major advances in our understanding of the cellular and molecular biology of the human malignancies that are collectively referred to as ovarian cancer. At a recent Helene Harris Memorial Trust meeting, an international group of researchers considered actions that should be taken to improve the outcome for women with ovarian cancer. Nine(More)
PURPOSE Ovarian clear cell carcinomas (OCCC) are a drug-resistant and aggressive type of epithelial ovarian cancer. We analyzed the molecular genetic profiles of OCCCs to determine whether distinct genomic subgroups of OCCCs exist. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Fifty pure primary OCCCs were subjected to high-resolution microarray-based comparative genomic(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy of the aromatase inhibitor letrozole in preselected estrogen receptor (ER)-positive relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer patients and to identify markers that predict endocrine-sensitive disease. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN This was a phase II study of letrozole 2.5 mg daily until clinical or marker evidence of disease progression(More)
Ovarian cancer frequently acquires resistance to platinum chemotherapy, representing a major challenge for improving patient survival. Recent work suggests that resistant clones exist within a larger drug-sensitive cell population prior to chemotherapy, implying that resistance is selected for rather than generated by treatment. We sought to compare(More)
Patients with high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) have experienced little improvement in overall survival, and standard treatment has not advanced beyond platinum-based combination chemotherapy, during the past 30 years. To understand the drivers of clinical phenotypes better, here we use whole-genome sequencing of tumour and germline DNA samples from(More)
About 6000 women in the United Kingdom develop ovarian cancer each year and about two-thirds of the women will die from the disease. Establishing the prognosis of a woman with ovarian cancer is an important part of her evaluation and treatment. Prognostic models and indices in ovarian cancer should be developed using large databases and, ideally, with(More)
The human homeobox BARX2 is located at 11q24-q25, within a minimal region associated with frequent loss of heterozygosity and adverse survival in epithelial ovarian cancer. BARX2 is a transcription factor that regulates transcription of specific cell adhesion molecules in the mouse. We show that BARX2 and cadherin 6 are expressed in normal human ovarian(More)
  • Sigal Gery, Dong Xie, +8 authors H Phillip Koeffler
  • 2005
PURPOSE The connective tissue growth factor/cysteine-rich 61/nephroblastoma overexpressed (CCN) family consists of six matricellular proteins that are involved in various cellular functions, such as proliferation, development, and angiogenesis. The purpose of this study was to explore the possibility that CCN genes are involved in ovarian cancers. (More)
We have screened 33 ovarian tumours of various grades and stages for the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of markers on chromosome 9. LOH was detected in 26 cases (79%). Eleven tumours (33%) showed LOH of all informative markers. The remaining 15 cases had partial deletions. Of these, six (18%) had losses on 9p only, three (9%) had LOH confined to 9q and six(More)
BACKGROUND Our previous laboratory and clinical data suggested that one mechanism underlying the development of platinum resistance in ovarian cancer is the acquisition of DNA methylation. We therefore tested the hypothesis that the DNA hypomethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytodine (decitabine) can reverse resistance to carboplatin in women with relapsed(More)