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We determined how long antiseptic impregnation with silver sulphadiazine and chlorhexidine (SCC) on polyurethane central venous double- or triple-lumen catheters is retained in vivo. A total of 116 antiseptic catheters were tested for antibacterial activity in an in-vitro bioassay after various periods of iv catheterization. Segments from the subcutaneous(More)
The low responsiveness of Lyme arthritis to high dose intravenous penicillin G therapy has evoked the demand for new drugs for the treatment of late stage borreliosis. As can be deduced from in vitro susceptibility data, third generation cephalosporins are far more effective on Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes than penicillin G. The study presented here was(More)
In order to estimate the distribution of bacteria and fungi with an elevated level of resistance to antimicrobial substances, we have analyzed water samples and surveyed institutions presumably concerned with analyses of microbial resistance (university institutes for hygiene, health authorities) by means of questionnaire. A total of 41 water samples was(More)
A rapid and sensitive PCR assay for the detection of Candida albicans DNA in serum was established. DNA from human serum samples was purified using the QIAamp blood kit, which proved to be a fast and simple method for isolating minute amounts of Candida DNA from clinical specimens for diagnosis of invasive candidiasis. Universal primer sequences used in the(More)
The level of levofloxacin was determined in serum, bone and several tissues after a single dose of 500 mg i.v. Twenty-one patients (mean age: 56.8 years) undergoing bone surgery (nine patients) or surgical debridement of a decubitus ulcer (12 patients) who received levofloxacin as perioperative prophylaxis were included in the study. During surgery, blood(More)
The vacuolating cytotoxin of Helicobacter pylori (VacA) is known to cause cell damage to mammalian cells and is suspected to give rise to gastric epithelial lesions that might lead to peptic ulcer disease. As shown recently, the gene encoding VacA exhibits genetic variation, with three different families of signal sequences (s1a, s1b, and s2) and two(More)
An amplification product that occurred in negative controls of a PCR using a primer system for Legionella 55 ribosomal RNA was characterized by direct sequencing. The amplification product did not hybridize to a Legionella specific oligonucleotide. It was derived from bacterial DNA contaminating Taq DNA polymerase, a phenomenon that was previously reported(More)
When cells of the immune system, i.e. primarily blood monocytes and macrophages, come into contact with pyrogens (fever-inducing contaminations) they release mediators transmitting the fever reaction through the organism to the thermoregulatory centres of the brain. The new test discussed here exploits this reaction for the detection of pyrogens: human(More)
OBJECTIVE Deep wound infections pose an increasing problem in cardiac surgery patients. Prospective infection monitoring is thus a means of identifying possible risk factors. METHODS Within a period of 5 months, a total of 376 adult patients, 260 men and 116 women, with a mean age of 62.6 years (range 18-88), underwent coronary bypass grafting (n=281) or(More)
The use of intravascular catheters is associated with infectious complications. Using plastic materials with antibacterial activity may reduce catheter-related bacterial colonization. A novel intravascular catheter impregnated with the antiseptics silver-sulphadiazine and chlorhexidine was tested in an in-vivo model using implantation of catheters into the(More)