H-G Schneider

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In order to examine the relationship between reduced visual acuity in human strabismic amblyopia and the cortical activation pattern, we studied, by use of positron emission tomography (PET) and the H2(15)O bolus technique, changes in the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) induced by monocular visual stimulation of 8 individuals with this disorder.(More)
UNLABELLED Recent methods to realign PET images are useful to correct minor changes in position due to subject movement. When using measured attenuation correction in the presence of larger subject movements, the attenuation data will not correctly represent the conditions of the emission scan and hence lead to erroneous attenuation correction. METHODS In(More)
A qualitative and quantitative description of the columnar units in the mammalian retina, and a discussion of their ontogeny and putative functions is given. Columnar arrangements of cells exist in the developing retina which can be observed by means of scanning electron microscopy. In the adult retina, each Müller cell ensheaths a columnar group of(More)
AIM The two bacterial species, Eubacterium ramulus and Enterococcus casseliflavus, which had previously been isolated from human faeces using the flavonoid quercetin-3-glucoside as the growth substrate, were tested for their ability to utilize this compound in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS Germ-free rats were associated with Eu. ramulus and subsequently with(More)
BACKGROUND The determinants of release of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in heart failure (HF) are incompletely understood, particularly, the effect of heart rhythm and haemodynamic stress. AIMS To investigate the effect of haemodynamic stress on cardiac BNP release in HF and differentiate this response for atrial fibrillation (AF) and sinus rhythm (SR).(More)
To elucidate the biologic relevance of circulating sCT antibodies, an in vitro bioassay system for the detection of neutralizing antibodies was developed utilizing the human breast carcinoma cell line T47D. We reasoned that the inhibition of the dose-dependent cAMP response to sCT in the T47D assay system by anti-sCT antibodies could be used to determine(More)
Summary The ratio of osteoprotegerin [OPG, tumour necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 11b (TNFRSF11B)] to receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand [RANKL, tumour necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily, member 11 (TNFSF11)] in bone is critical for the regulation of bone remodelling. Myeloma cells can home to bone, triggering increased RANKL(More)
The purpose of this work is to identify human neural circuits involved in inhibition of accommodation/vergence by contrasting the cortical functions subservient to negative voluntary accommodation/vergence (NVA) with those evoked by active fixation in darkness (FIX). Five subjects with normal corrected acuity were studied using positron emission tomography(More)
T47D cells possess specific calcitonin (CT) receptors and a CT-responsive adenylate cyclase. Internalization of part of their CT receptors has been suggested. At 37 degrees C, bound 125I-labelled salmon CT (sCT) becomes increasingly resistant to acid washing, which can remove surface-bound hormone, thus indicating internalization. Monensin and chloroquine,(More)