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Little is known about the relative role of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (cAPK) and guanine exchange factor directly activated by cAMP (Epac) as mediators of cAMP action. We tested cAMP analogs for ability to selectively activate Epac1 or cAPK and discriminate between the binding sites of Epac and of cAPKI and cAPKII. We found that commonly used cAMP(More)
A set of cAMP analogs were synthesized that combined exocyclic sulfur substitutions in the equatorial (Rp) or the axial (Sp) position of the cyclophosphate ring with modifications in the adenine base of cAMP. The potency of these compounds to inhibit the binding of [3H]cAMP to sites A and B from type I (rabbit skeletal muscle) and type II (bovine(More)
In the present study, the inhibitory effect of the cGMP analog (Rp)-8-(para-chlorophenylthio)guanosine-3',5'-cyclic monophosphorothioate ((Rp)-8-pCPT-cGMPS) on the cGMP-dependent protein kinase-mediated protein phosphorylation in intact human platelets was investigated. In vitro phosphorylation experiments with the substrate kemptide demonstrated an(More)
Novel (Rp)-cAMPS analogs differed widely in ability to antagonize cAMP activation of pure cAMP-dependent protein kinase I and II and to antagonize actions of cAMP on gene expression, shape change, apoptosis, DNA replication, and protein phosphorylation in intact cells. These differences were related to different abilities of the analogs to stabilize the(More)
A newly designed cyclic AMP (cAMP) analogue, Sp-5,6-dichloro-1-beta-D- ribofuranosylbenzimidazole-3',5'-monophosphorothioate (Sp-5,6-DCl-cBiMPS), and 8-(p-chlorophenylthio)-cAMP (8-pCPT-cAMP) were compared with respect to their chemical and biological properties in order to assess their potential as activators of the cAMP-dependent protein kinases (cAMP-PK)(More)
1. The modulation of the guanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic GMP)- and adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP)-dependent protein kinase activities by the diastereomers of 8-bromo-beta phenyl-1, N2-ethenoguanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphorothioate, ((Rp)- and (Sp)-8-bromo-PET-cyclic GMPS) was investigated by use of purified protein(More)
Phosphorylation of cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) at amino acid serine 133 appears as an important link between the norepinephrine (NE)-induced activation of second messenger systems and the stimulation of melatonin biosynthesis. Here we investigated in the rat pineal gland: 1) the type of protein kinase that mediates CREB(More)
Cyclic AMP (cAMP) and cyclic GMP (cGMP) are key second messengers involved in a multitude of cellular events. From the wealth of synthetic analogs of cAMP and cGMP, only a few have been explored with regard to their therapeutic potential. Some of the first-generation cyclic nucleotide analogs were promising enough to be tested as drugs, for instance(More)
A novel method for the determination of lipophilicity using a simple HPLC protocol based on gradient elution chromatography is presented and compared to the common isocratic log k'(w) procedure. Linear relationships with high correlation coefficients between both methods for biologically active nucleosides and cyclic nucleotides as well as for(More)
A novel membrane-permeant derivative of cAMP, cAMP acetoxymethyl ester (cAMP/AM), was synthesized via silylated intermediates. Its ability to induce Cl- secretion by T84 cells, a human colon cancer cell line, was compared with that of two other membrane-permeant cAMP derivatives that were recently introduced, N6,O2'-dibutyryl-cAMP acetoxymethyl ester(More)