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Conversion of testosterone (T) to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in genital tissue is catalysed by the enzyme 5 alpha-reductase 2, which is encoded by the SRD5A2 gene. The potent androgen DHT is required for full masculinization of the external genitalia. Mutations of the SRD5A2 gene inhibit enzyme activity, diminish DHT formation, and hence cause(More)
Deletions within HSA band 4p16.3 cause Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS), which comprises mental retardation and developmental defects. A WHS critical region (WHSCR) of approximately 165 kb has been defined on the basis of 2 atypical interstitial deletions; however, genotype-phenotype correlation remains controversial, due to the large size of deletion usually(More)
BACKGROUND Management strategies for optic pathway gliomas include observation, surgery, irradiation, chemotherapy and a combination of these modalities. It has been the policy of our University Hospital to consider radiation as the standard treatment for progressive optic pathway gliomas. This report describes the clinical presentation, treatment patterns(More)
Cortisol reduces the activity of the PG-inactivating enzyme 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH) in human placental cells. The objective was to investigate a possible relation between 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11beta-HSD2), converting cortisol to cortisone, and PGDH gene expression in the placenta of patients with preeclampsia. In(More)
We studied influences of dental care, food and storage on the reproducibility of salivary steroid levels. Cortisol (F), 17OH-progesterone (17OHP) and Progesterone (P) were measured using adapted commercial radioimmunoassays. Saliva samples of healthy adults (n = 15; m:8; f:7) were collected directly before and after dental care, and directly before and(More)
Leptin is produced predominantly in adipose tissue but has recently also been found in gastric mucosa. It has been shown that the oral application of leptin induces neuronal activity in the brain stem of rodents. The objective of the present study was to identify this hormone in human saliva and to examine the production and stability of salivary leptin. We(More)
In order to assess specific gluco- and mineralocorticoid functions in both mother and fetoplacental unit in relation to the presence or absence of labor, serum levels of unconjugated aldosterone (A), corticosterone (B), deoxycorticosterone (DOC), progesterone (P), 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), cortisol (F), and cortisone (E) were determined(More)
We report on our series of 32 craniopharyngiomas operated on by the transsphenoidal route since 1983. In 15 of 19 patients (79%) with primary transsphenoidal surgery and in 8 of 13 patients (62%) with a transsphenoidal approach following previous surgical procedures, the craniopharyngioma was totally removed. Primary transsphenoidal surgery is a safe and(More)
BACKGROUND Late effects become progressively more important for the evaluation of therapeutic success in paediatric oncology. Thus, in 1998, the Late Effects Surveillance System (LESS) started to register and assess multicentrally, prospectively and longitudinally late effects of treatment for the group of Ewing's, soft tissue- and osteosarcoma patients. (More)
We establish normative data for immunoreactive renin concentration in serum of healthy children. In a retrospective study, surplus sera of 281 healthy children, aged 0-18 years, were collected from the laboratory. The determinations were performed with a commercially available two-site immunoradiometric assay. Functional sensitivity was 4.0 mU/l,(More)