H. Furuta

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The YFL ribozyme is an artificial ligase ribozyme isolated by a 'design and selection' strategy, in which a modular catalytic unit was generated on a rationally designed modular scaffold RNA. This ligase ribozyme has a versatile catalytic unit that accepts not only beta-nicotinamide mononucleotide (beta-NMN) but also inorganic pyrophosphate as leaving(More)
In vitro selection with long random RNA libraries has been used as a powerful method to generate novel functional RNAs, although it often requires laborious structural analysis of isolated RNA molecules. Rational RNA design is an attractive alternative to avoid this laborious step, but rational design of catalytic modules is still a challenging task. A(More)
Although artificial RNA motifs that can functionally replace the GNRA/receptor interaction, a class of RNA-RNA interacting motifs, were isolated from RNA libraries and used to generate designer RNA structures, receptors for non-GNRA tetraloops have not been found in nature or selected from RNA libraries. In this study, we report successful isolation of a(More)
RNA-polypeptide complexes (RNPs), which play various roles in extant biological systems, have been suggested to have been important in the early stages of the molecular evolution of life. At a certain developmental stage of ancient RNPs, their RNA and polypeptide components have been proposed to evolve in a reciprocal manner to establish highly elaborate(More)
Group I self-splicing intron constitutes an important class of functional RNA molecules that can promote chemical transformation. Although the fundamental mechanism of the auto-excision from its precursor RNA has been established, convenient assay systems for its splicing activity are still useful for a further understanding of its detailed mechanism and of(More)
The effects of cationic porphyrins on the catalytic activities of four group I ribozymes were investigated. A cationic porphyrin possessing four pyridinium moieties (pPyP) inhibited two group IC3 ribozymes (Syn Rz and Azo Rz) and a group IC1 ribozyme (Tet Rz). In the case of a group IA2 ribozyme (Td Rz), however, pPyP served not only as an inhibitor but(More)
Multicomponent RNA-peptide complexes are attractive from the viewpoint of artificial design of functional biomacromolecular systems. We have developed self-folding and self-assembling RNAs that serve as templates to assist chemical ligation between two reactive peptides with RNA-binding capabilities. The design principle of previous templates, however, can(More)
In the early stages of the hypothetical RNA world, some primitive RNA catalysts (ribozymes) may have emerged through self-assembly of short RNA oligomers. Although they may be unstable against temperature fluctuations and other environmental changes, ligase ribozymes (ribozymes with RNA strand-joining activity) may resolve structural instability of(More)
A site-specific isotope labeling technique of long RNA molecules was established. This technique is comprised of two simple enzymatic reactions, namely a guanosine transfer reaction of group I self-splicing introns and a ligation with T4 DNA ligase. The trans-acting group I self-splicing intron with its external cofactor, 'isotopically labeled guanosine(More)