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Based on the principles of echo imaging, we present a method to acquire sufficient data for a 256 X 256 image in from 2 to 40 s. The image contrast is dominated by the transverse relaxation time T2. Sampling all projections for 2D FT image reconstruction in one (or a few) echo trains leads to image artifacts due to the different T2 weighting of the echo.(More)
The RARE technique is an extremely useful tool for clinical diagnosis, since it delivers images comparable to those produced by X-ray myelography and X-ray urography. Contrary to these methods, RARE does not use the application of contrast agents. A low-flip-angle variant called FLARE (fast low angle refocused echo imaging) makes this technique accessible(More)
Common manifestations of the von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, an autosomally dominant inherited cancer-prone disorder, include retinal angiomatosis, hemangioblastoma of the central nervous system, renal cysts, renal cancer, pheochromocytoma, and epididymal cystadenoma. Multiple cysts and microcystic (serous) cystadenomas of the pancreas have also been reported(More)
Collateral vessels in tumors and arteriovenous malformations limit the effectiveness of therapeutic embolization. Capillary propagation of embolization media represents a possible solution of the problem. Embolization with Ethibloc (Hamburg-Norderstedt), a vegetable protein dissolved in alcohol, was performed in 15 renal arteries of dogs. Three embolized(More)
The fast Fourier flow method of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging offers a fast and efficient way of measuring quantitative flow for velocities within the range from several millimeters per second to more than 1 m/sec. When fast Fourier flow imaging is used in combination with echocardiographic gating, arterial flow can be determined and velocity versus time(More)
The findings of a 10-year study (1976 to 1986) conducted in southwest Germany on hemangioblastomas (HBL's) of the central nervous system (CNS) are presented. During that period, 47 HBL's were diagnosed and surgically removed in 44 patients, with a good postoperative survival rate and prognosis. The majority (83%) of these tumors were located in the(More)
A modification of the rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement imaging method allows the acquisition of a highly T2-weighted image in 2.5 s. By omitting the slice selection gradient, this technique yields a superimposed image of the CSF in the spinal canal. This image (magnetic resonance myelogram) contains much of the same information as an X-ray(More)
A reduced adaptation rate of the myocardium must, in many cases, be made responsible for heart insufficiency of old patients. The present investigations are aimed towards the question whether heart in old age is accompanied by a loss of myocardial cells and whether a polyploidisation of heart muscle cells takes place thus indicating an adaptive process. A(More)
Alterations of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) relaxation time and intensity can be helpful in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) lesions like synovial infiltration, local inflammation and exudation. Fast low angle shot magnetic resonance imaging (FLASH-MRI) is a rapid method showing anatomy and inflammatory pathology of the examined joint(More)
Based on the principle of selective inversion of the fat or water signal, we have developed a method which allows the simultaneous acquisition of separated fat and water images. In combination with multiecho techniques, this allows the determination of shift selective relaxation times. A detailed analysis of the relaxation behavior of a human leg at 0.23 T(More)