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Based on the principles of echo imaging, we present a method to acquire sufficient data for a 256 X 256 image in from 2 to 40 s. The image contrast is dominated by the transverse relaxation time T2. Sampling all projections for 2D FT image reconstruction in one (or a few) echo trains leads to image artifacts due to the different T2 weighting of the echo.(More)
The RARE technique is an extremely useful tool for clinical diagnosis, since it delivers images comparable to those produced by X-ray myelography and X-ray urography. Contrary to these methods, RARE does not use the application of contrast agents. A low-flip-angle variant called FLARE (fast low angle refocused echo imaging) makes this technique accessible(More)
The findings of a 10-year study (1976 to 1986) conducted in southwest Germany on hemangioblastomas (HBL's) of the central nervous system (CNS) are presented. During that period, 47 HBL's were diagnosed and surgically removed in 44 patients, with a good postoperative survival rate and prognosis. The majority (83%) of these tumors were located in the(More)
DNA content, ploidy level, cell size and nuclear number were investigated in 54 mammalian hearts from nine species. DNA content was determined biochemically and ploidy level of cells was studied by the means of Feulgen cytophotometry. Nuclear number was calculated by a new method, while cell size was determined by using ocular micrometry. In most mammals(More)
Common manifestations of the von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, an autosomally dominant inherited cancer-prone disorder, include retinal angiomatosis, hemangioblastoma of the central nervous system, renal cysts, renal cancer, pheochromocytoma, and epididymal cystadenoma. Multiple cysts and microcystic (serous) cystadenomas of the pancreas have also been reported(More)
A reduced adaptation rate of the myocardium must, in many cases, be made responsible for heart insufficiency of old patients. The present investigations are aimed towards the question whether heart in old age is accompanied by a loss of myocardial cells and whether a polyploidisation of heart muscle cells takes place thus indicating an adaptive process. A(More)
It is demonstrated that it is possible to acquire two volume selective 1H NMR spectra of human brain in vivo, consisting of voxels of 1.5 X 1.5 X 1.5 cm3, within 14 min with a good S/N ratio. This is mainly achieved by the application of a PRESS sequence generating a spin-echo of the VOI at 135 ms in conjunction with the STABLE technique by which two(More)
T1 and T2 proton relaxation times in six rabbit thigh V2 carcinomas were obtained from regions of interest on calculated MR images at 2.35 tesla before and after steroid administration. Mean T1 and T2 values of viable tumor tissue decreased after steroid administration, consistent with decreased tissue water content. After steroid withdrawal, T1 and T2(More)