H F van Oirschot

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Bordetella pertussis shows polymorphism in two proteins, pertactin (Prn) and the pertussis toxin (PT) S1 subunit, which are important for immunity. A previous study has shown antigenic shifts in these proteins in the Dutch B. pertussis population, and it was suggested that these shifts were driven by vaccination. The recent Italian clinical trial provided(More)
In the absence of opsonizing antibodies, Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of pertussis, readily binds to phagocytes via complement receptor 3 (CR3). After opsonization with antibodies, binding is mediated by IgG receptors (FcgammaR). The effect of targeting B. pertussis to either FcgammaR or CR3 was studied. The fate of unopsonized B. pertussis,(More)
There is evidence that pertussis is reemerging in vaccinated populations. We have proposed, and provided evidence for, one explanation for this phenomenon in The Netherlands: antigenic divergence between vaccine strains and circulating strains. Finland has a pertussis vaccination history very similar to that of The Netherlands, and yet there is no evidence(More)
The Bordetella pertussis proteins P.69 (also designated pertactin) and pertussis toxin are important virulence factors and have been shown to confer protective immunity in animals and humans. Both proteins are used in the new generation of acellular pertussis vaccines (ACVs), and it is therefore important to study the degree of antigenic variation in these(More)
In several countries pertussis is re-emerging, despite a high vaccination coverage. It is suggested that antigenic divergence between Bordetella pertussis vaccine strains and circulating strains, in particular with respect to pertactin, has contributed to pertussis re-emergence. Polymorphism in pertactin is essentially limited to region 1, which is composed(More)
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