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The human neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) tumor suppressor protein functions as a Ras-specific guanosine triphosphatase-activating protein, but the identity of Ras- mediated pathways modulated by NF1 remains unknown. A study of Drosophila NF1 mutants revealed that NF1 is essential for the cellular response to the neuropeptide PACAP38 (pituitary adenylyl(More)
The tumour-suppressor gene Neurofibromatosis 1 (Nf1) encodes a Ras-specific GTPase activating protein (Ras-GAP). In addition to being involved in tumour formation, NF1 has been reported to cause learning defects in humans and Nf1 knockout mice. However, it remains to be determined whether the observed learning defect is secondary to abnormal development.(More)
Low and high frequency electroacupuncture (EA)-produced analgesia have been shown to be mediated by different brain substrates and different opioid peptides. In this study, Fos-like immunoreactivity (FLI) and in situ hybridization of the three opioid mRNAs were used to examine the effect of low (2 Hz) and high (100 Hz) frequency EA on neuronal activities,(More)
We describe, for the first time, the generation of a viral DNA chip for simultaneous expression measurements of nearly all known open reading frames (ORFs) in the largest member of the herpesvirus family, human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). In this study, an HCMV chip was fabricated and used to characterize the temporal class of viral gene expression. The viral(More)
Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) of c-fos and/or c-jun were used in this study to investigate the role of Fos and Jun proteins in electroacupuncture (EA)-induced transcription of the opioid genes, preproenkephalin (PPE), preprodynorphin (PPD) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC). As the results showed, EA-induced Fos and fun expression was blocked(More)
1. It has been proposed that the activation of NMDA receptors and upregulation of protein kinase C (PKC) underlie the exaggerated and persistent pain experienced in the inflammatory state. However, there is no direct evidence to show that inflammation alters the function of NMDA receptors. 2. We examined the voltage-dependent properties of NMDA receptor(More)
Previous findings from this laboratory have shown that low (2 Hz) and high (100 Hz)-frequency electroacupuncture (EA) accelerated the release of different kinds of opioid peptides in the CNS. In the present study, we tried to elucidate whether EA of different frequencies would affect the transcription of genes encoding different opioid peptides.(More)
The present work was designed to study the role of the oncogene product c-Fos in activating the transcription of preproenkephalin (PPE) gene following a kind of peripheral electric stimulation known as electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation. The temporal patterns of rat brain c-fos and PPE mRNA expression were evaluated using the method of Northern blotting,(More)
A total of 32 units were extracellularly recorded from the spinal dorsal horn of rats. Unitary discharges evoked by stimulation of A and C fiber in ipsilateral lateral and medial plantar nerve were increased after carrageenan injection to the plantar area. The evoked responses to both A and C fiber were significantly decreased or even disappeared after(More)
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