H Espezel

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Fifteen children (most of whom were neurologically multiply disabled) with severe, chronic sleep disorders were treated with 2 to 10mg of oral melatonin, given at bedtime. Nine had fragmented sleep patterns, three had delayed sleep onset and three others had non-specific sleep disturbance of unclear aetiology; all had failed to respond to conventional(More)
A debilitating, regularly recurring, biphasic disorder is described in 6 severely multidisabled children. It was characterized by several days of lethargy, withdrawal, loss of abilities, irritability, and hypersomnolence followed or preceded by a high-energy state for several days during which the children slept very little, at times were euphoric, had(More)
Animal studies suggest that spatial skills are dependent on an intact septum pellucidum. This theory was tested by comparing patients who were visually impaired due to bilateral optic nerve hypoplasia: 13 with a septum pellucidum were compared with six children without a septum pellucidum. There was no difference in spatial ability. The finding of an absent(More)
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