Learn More
Although the primary cellular targets of many anticancer agents have been identified, less is known about the processes leading to the selective cell death of cancer cells or the molecular basis of drug resistance. p53-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts were used to examine systematically the requirement for p53 in cellular sensitivity and resistance to(More)
p53-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts were used to establish a direct mechanism of tumor suppression by p53 involving the destruction of oncogene-expressing cells by apoptosis. The absence of p53 enhanced cell growth, appeared sufficient for immortalization, and allowed a single oncogene [adenovirus early region 1A (E1A)] to transform cells to a(More)
The therapeutic responsiveness of genetically defined tumors expressing or devoid of the p53 tumor suppressor gene was compared in immunocompromised mice. Tumors expressing the p53 gene contained a high proportion of apoptotic cells and typically regressed after treatment with gamma radiation or adriamycin. In contrast, p53-deficient tumors treated with the(More)
Oncogenic transformation by human adenoviruses requires early regions 1A and 1B (E1A and E1B) and provides a model of multistep carcinogenesis. This study shows that the metabolic stabilization of p53 observed in adenovirus 5 (Ad5)-transformed cells can occur in untransformed cells expressing E1A alone. Stabilized p53 was localized to the nucleus and was(More)
Protein arginine N-methyltransferases have been implicated in a variety of processes, including cell proliferation, signal transduction, and protein trafficking. In this study, we have characterized essentially a null mutation induced by insertion of the U3betaGeo gene trap retrovirus into the second intron of the mouse protein arginine N-methyltransferase(More)
The stromelysin gene encodes a potent tissue-degrading proteinase whose activity is important in tissue-remoldeling processes such as wound healing, the inflammatory reaction, rheumatoid arthritis, tumor invasion, and possibly embryonic development. In light of the ability of interleukin-1 to amplify, and ability of glucocorticoids to attenuate the(More)
The gene FUS (also known as TLS (for translocated in liposarcoma) and hnRNP P2) is translocated with the gene encoding the transcription factor ERG-1 in human myeloid leukaemias. Although the functions of wild-type FUS are unknown, the protein contains an RNA-recognition motif and is a component of nuclear riboprotein complexes. FUS resembles a(More)
The polyoma virus middle-T and the T24 Harvey ras1 genes are individually unable to transform primary baby rat kidney cells. Adenovirus early region 1A provides functions required by these genes to transform primary cells following DNA-mediated gene transfer. These results suggest that separate establishment and transforming functions are required for(More)
The hnRNP C1 and C2 proteins are among the most abundant proteins in the nucleus, and as ubiquitous components of RNP complexes, they have been implicated in many aspects of mRNA biogenesis. In this report, we have characterized a null mutation induced in embryonic stem cells by insertion of the U3His gene trap retrovirus into the first intron of the hnRNP(More)
The present study characterized a mutation in the Eck receptor tyrosine kinase gene induced by the U3betageo gene trap retrovirus. The mutation (eck(i)) was identified during an in vitro screen for proviruses that disrupt developmentally regulated genes in cultured ES cells. The germ-line eck(i) fusion gene was expressed in blastocyst and later restricted(More)