H Dieter Steklis

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Studies of social behavior following localized brain lesions in several species of Old World monkeys suggest there is an anatomical substrate for the maintenance of social bonds. Destruction of either the amygdaloid nuclei, orbital frontal cortex or temporal pole results in varying degrees of social isolation or marked reductions in affiliative behaviors(More)
This report presents data regarding the brain structure of mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in comparison with other great apes. Magnetic resonance (MR) images of three mountain gorilla brains were obtained with a 3T scanner, and the volume of major neuroanatomical structures (neocortical gray matter, hippocampus, thalamus, striatum, and(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the personality structure of eight male gorillas (five silverbacks and three blackbacks) housed at the Sedgwick County Zoo in Wichita, Kansas and to determine if personality predicts behavior and subjective well-being in male gorillas living in bachelor groups. We used the Hominoid Personality Questionnaire which(More)
Two studies assessed (1) the effect of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), Depo-Provera, on socio-sexual behaviors, and (2) the interaction between socio-environmental conditions and MPA treatment effects. Study One utilized two males and eight female members of a semi-free-ranging island colony. Females received 30 or 100 MPA IM or were untreated. Study Two(More)
The relationship of serum testosterone concentration to male dominance rank and frequency of aggression was investigated in stable vervet monkey social groups, each containing two or three adult males, several adult females, and their offspring. Dominance relationships were determined by noting an animal's success in intermale aggressive encounters. A(More)
This study examined the effects on copulation-related and agonistic behaviors of repeated DMPA (depo-Provera) treatment of adult females in a heterosexual island colony of stumptail macaques (Macaca arctoides). Comparison of mean rates revealed a decrease in male approach to females and dominant male following of females after they were treated with DMPA.(More)