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BACKGROUND Incisional hernia is a serious complication of abdominal surgery. We compared incisional hernia frequency following gastric bypass (GBP) for morbid obesity versus total abdominal colectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis. A prefascial polypropylene mesh repair was also evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS All patients(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have documented a significantly better we weight loss for gastric bypass (GBP) than for vertical banded gastroplasty (VGB). Additional problems associated with VBG include intractable vomiting or gastroesophageal (GE) reflux, intragastric migration of the polypropylene band, staple line disruption, or inadequate weight loss due(More)
Arachidonic acid metabolites, especially thromboxane-A2 and prostacyclin, have been shown to be increased in experimental models of sepsis and the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and play a major pathophysiologic role. This study was designed to determine if these metabolites are increased in human sepsis syndrome and if inhibition of fatty acid(More)
BACKGROUND Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common form of chronic liver disease in the United States. It is commonly associated with the components of the metabolic syndrome including obesity. From the spectrum of NAFLD, only patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) have been convincingly shown to have a potential for progression to(More)
This review addresses the pathophysiology and treatment of hemorrhagic shock - a condition produced by rapid and significant loss of intravascular volume, which may lead sequentially to hemodynamic instability, decreases in oxygen delivery, decreased tissue perfusion, cellular hypoxia, organ damage, and death. Hemorrhagic shock can be rapidly fatal. The(More)
In the past 5 years, 72 moribund patients have undergone resuscitative thoracotomy (RT) at the Medical University of South Carolina: 62 patients underwent the procedure before the adoption of a policy of mandatory rapid transport (scoop and run) for penetrating and unstable victims of trauma by our EMS system (Group I). Group II is comprised of ten patients(More)
BACKGROUND Significant changes in surgical practice have resulted in a reexamination of surgical undergraduate education. The increasing emphasis toward ambulatory procedures positions the community hospital as an excellent alternative site for surgical education. This study compares the quality of one medical school's surgical education at a principal(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluate the effects of surgically induced weight loss on intra-abdominal pressure at one year, reflected in urinary bladder pressure, central obesity, measured by sagittal abdominal diameter and obesity co-morbidity. DESIGN Prospective, non-randomized trial. SETTING University Hospital, Operating Room, In-patient, Outpatient Clinics. (More)