H. D. Robertson

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A nuclease with specificity for double-stranded RNA (RNase III) has been found in extracts of Escherichia coli. It remains within osmotically shocked cells attached to the ribosomes. It sediments with the ribosomes in less than 0.20 M NH&l, but is detached at higher concentrations. A purification is described which utilizes this property. The free enzyme,(More)
The positions of intramolecular crosslinks induced by irradiation with ultraviolet light were mapped into potato spindle tuber viroid RNA and HeLa 5S rRNA. Crosslinking in each of these molecules occurred at a single major site, which was located by RNA fingerprinting and secondary analysis (and additional primer extension studies in the case of the(More)
Experimental data concerning viroid-specific nucleic acids accumulating in tomato plants establish, together with earlier studies, the major features of a replication cycle for viroid RNA in plant cells. Many features of this pathway, which involves multimeric strands of both polarities, may be shared by other small infectious RNA's including certain(More)
We analyzed in vivo-labeled RNA to determine which of the two proposed rolling-circle models is more likely to depict the replication cycle of potato spindle tuber viroid. A key feature distinguishing the two models is the presence of a circular monomeric minus strand in one and not the other. Chromatography on cellulose CF11 was used to purify a fraction(More)
Explantation of rat adrenal medullae to organ culture results in dramatic changes in enkephalins and catecholamines that are similar to the changes seen in vivo in response to denervation, which eliminates transsynaptic impulse activity. We have used rapid and sensitive solution hybridization methods to measure preproenkephalin (PPenk) mRNA and total(More)
Extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) regulates platelet reactivity by way of direct action on platelet purinergic receptors or by hydrolysis to adenosine diphosphate (ADP). Subsequent metabolism of ATP and ADP to adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and adenosine inhibits platelet aggregation. Endothelial cell membrane-bound ecto-ATP/ADPase (CD39,(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects an estimated 170 million people worldwide, the majority of whom develop a chronic infection which can lead to severe liver disease, and for which no generally effective treatment yet exists. A promising target for treatment is the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) of HCV, a highly conserved domain within a highly variable(More)
Nucleic acids isolated from uninfected and potato spindle tuber viroid-infected Rutgers tomato plants were fractionated on agarose gels under two different sets of denaturing conditions and hybridized to (125)I-labeled viroid in a series of blot hybridization experiments. Complementary strand nucleic acids detected in extracts of infected plants were(More)
Cis-active ribozymes are potential therapeutic agents; however, to be used in this capacity, they must first be converted to trans-active ribozymes, a process facilitated by analysis of their structures. We present evidence that the genomic and antigenomic ribozymes of the human delta hepatitis agent share a structural ("axehead") motif that has conserved(More)
The RNA genome of the hepatitis delta virus (HDV) appears to be made up of two parts: a small domain with a high degree of sequence conservation and structural features likely to promote replication; plus a second, larger domain that is less conserved and encodes the delta antigen. This report focuses on one of the several sets of data that have led to the(More)