Learn More
The positions of intramolecular crosslinks induced by irradiation with ultraviolet light were mapped into potato spindle tuber viroid RNA and HeLa 5S rRNA. Crosslinking in each of these molecules occurred at a single major site, which was located by RNA fingerprinting and secondary analysis (and additional primer extension studies in the case of the(More)
Explantation of rat adrenal medullae to organ culture results in dramatic changes in enkephalins and catecholamines that are similar to the changes seen in vivo in response to denervation, which eliminates transsynaptic impulse activity. We have used rapid and sensitive solution hybridization methods to measure preproenkephalin (PPenk) mRNA and total(More)
Extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) regulates platelet reactivity by way of direct action on platelet purinergic receptors or by hydrolysis to adenosine diphosphate (ADP). Subsequent metabolism of ATP and ADP to adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and adenosine inhibits platelet aggregation. Endothelial cell membrane-bound ecto-ATP/ADPase (CD39,(More)
Experimental data concerning viroid-specific nucleic acids accumulating in tomato plants establish, together with earlier studies, the major features of a replication cycle for viroid RNA in plant cells. Many features of this pathway, which involves multimeric strands of both polarities, may be shared by other small infectious RNA's including certain(More)
A direct, ribonuclease T1 protection assay was employed to study the binding of a delta agent genomic RNA transcript containing the conserved domain to the double-stranded RNA- (dsRNA-) dependent protein kinase of mammalian cells, PKR (also known as DAI, p1-elF2, or p68 kinase). In a control reaction, this assay identified a major portion of the same PKR(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects an estimated 170 million people worldwide, the majority of whom develop a chronic infection which can lead to severe liver disease, and for which no generally effective treatment yet exists. A promising target for treatment is the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) of HCV, a highly conserved domain within a highly variable(More)