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The positions of intramolecular crosslinks induced by irradiation with ultraviolet light were mapped into potato spindle tuber viroid RNA and HeLa 5S rRNA. Crosslinking in each of these molecules occurred at a single major site, which was located by RNA fingerprinting and secondary analysis (and additional primer extension studies in the case of the(More)
Explantation of rat adrenal medullae to organ culture results in dramatic changes in enkephalins and catecholamines that are similar to the changes seen in vivo in response to denervation, which eliminates transsynaptic impulse activity. We have used rapid and sensitive solution hybridization methods to measure preproenkephalin (PPenk) mRNA and total(More)
Experimental data concerning viroid-specific nucleic acids accumulating in tomato plants establish, together with earlier studies, the major features of a replication cycle for viroid RNA in plant cells. Many features of this pathway, which involves multimeric strands of both polarities, may be shared by other small infectious RNA's including certain(More)
Nucleic acids isolated from uninfected and potato spindle tuber viroid-infected Rutgers tomato plants were fractionated on agarose gels under two different sets of denaturing conditions and hybridized to (125)I-labeled viroid in a series of blot hybridization experiments. Complementary strand nucleic acids detected in extracts of infected plants were(More)
To seek patterns of nucleotide usage in the three types of circular subviral RNA pathogens, trimer frequencies and nearest-neighbor biases were studied in 12 plant viroid sequences; five sequences of circular plant viral satellite RNAs; and the sequence of RNA from the human hepatitis delta agent. The viroids and RNA of the delta agent contain tracts of(More)
Cis-active ribozymes are potential therapeutic agents; however, to be used in this capacity, they must first be converted to trans-active ribozymes, a process facilitated by analysis of their structures. We present evidence that the genomic and antigenomic ribozymes of the human delta hepatitis agent share a structural ("axehead") motif that has conserved(More)
The internal ribosome entry site (IRES) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA is known to interact with the 40S ribosomal subunit alone, in the absence of any additional initiation factors or Met-tRNAi. Previous work from this laboratory on the 80S and 48S ribosomal initiation complexes involving the HCV IRES showed that stem-loop III, the pseudoknot domain,(More)