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STUDY QUESTION Does intrauterine biosynthesis of estrogen play an important role in early pregnancy by altering the function of uterine natural killer (uNK) cells? SUMMARY ANSWER Estrogens directly regulate the function of human uNK cells by increasing uNK cell migration and secretion of uNK cell-derived chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) that(More)
BACKGROUND Human embryo implantation is regulated by estradiol (E2), progesterone and locally produced mediators including interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). Interactions between the estrogen receptor (ER) and NF kappa B (NFkappaB) signalling pathways have been reported in other systems but have not been detailed in human endometrium. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
INTRODUCTION Extracellular matrix proteins play a crucial role in influencing the invasion of trophoblast cells. However the role of collagens and collagen type IV (col-IV) in particular at the implantation site is not clear. METHODS Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the distribution of collagen types I, III, IV and VI in endometrium and decidua(More)
BACKGROUND The human endometrium efficiently repairs each month after menstruation. The mechanisms involved in this repair process remain undefined. Aberrations in endometrial repair may lead to the common disorder of heavy menstrual bleeding. We hypothesized that connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is increased at the time of endometrial repair(More)
Understanding of ectopic implantation within the Fallopian tube (FT) is limited. In the human uterus, the putative 'window of implantation' in the mid-luteal phase of the menstrual cycle is accompanied by increased endometrial epithelial expression of the integrins α(1)β(1), α(4)β(1) and α(v)β(3) and its ligand osteopontin. Similar cyclical changes in FT(More)
STUDY QUESTION What is the impact of administration of the selective progesterone receptor modulator (SPRM), ulipristal acetate (UPA) on the endometrium of women with fibroids? SUMMARY ANSWER UPA administration altered expression of sex-steroid receptors and progesterone-regulated genes and was associated with low levels of glandular and stromal cell(More)
Lymphoid and myeloid cell populations in human endometrium are well-documented and are known to play important roles in providing immune tolerance, controlling trophoblast invasion, and mediating vascular remodeling. Immune cell populations in the Fallopian tube have not been comprehensively studied. The aim of this study was to characterize lymphoid and(More)
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