Learn More
The amygdalohippocampal circuit plays a pivotal role in Pavlovian fear memory. We simultaneously recorded electrical activity in the lateral amygdala (LA) and the CA1 area of the hippocampus in freely behaving fear-conditioned mice. Patterns of activity were related to fear behavior evoked by conditioned and indifferent sensory stimuli and contexts.(More)
A deficient extinction of memory is particularly important in the regime of fear, where it limits the beneficial outcomes of treatments of anxiety disorders. Fear extinction is thought to involve inhibitory influences of the prefrontal cortex on the amygdala, although the detailed synaptic mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we report that neuropeptide S(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cation (HCN) channels are believed to be involved in the generation of cardiac pacemaker depolarizations as well as in the control of neuronal excitability and plasticity. The contributions of the four individual HCN channel isoforms (HCN1-4) to these diverse functions are not known. Here we show that HCN2-deficient mice exhibit(More)
Calcium ions are ubiquitous intracellular mediators of numerous cellular processes. One of the main mechanisms of Ca2+ entry into the cell involves the opening of Ca2+ channels in the plasma membrane. To effectively control Ca2+ signalling, Ca2+ channels inactivate rapidly by a mechanism that depends on an elevation of intracellular Ca2+ within tens of(More)
Synaptic circuitry in the rat lateral amygdala (AL) was studied in brain slices using electrophysiological recordings. Electrical stimulation of external and internal capsules evoked an EPSC followed by a sequence of GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptor-mediated IPSC in principal neurons. Paired stimulation of either afferents resulted in a significant reduction ((More)
K-Cl co-transporters are encoded by four homologous genes and may have roles in transepithelial transport and in the regulation of cell volume and cytoplasmic chloride. KCC3, an isoform mutated in the human Anderman syndrome, is expressed in brain, epithelia and other tissues. To investigate the physiological functions of KCC3, we disrupted its gene in(More)
1. To characterize the physiological properties of lateral and basolateral (BL) amygdaloid neurons, intracellular recordings were performed in barbiturate-anesthetized cats. Morphological identification of recorded cells was achieved by intracellular injection of neurobiotin. Two types of physiologically identified projection neurons were distinguished in(More)
The basolateral amygdala (BLA) can influence distinct learning and memory formation. Hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), the most prominent cellular model of memory formation, can be modulated by stimulation of the BLA in its induction and early maintenance. However, it is not known how the late maintenance of LTP beyond its initial phases might be(More)
In a rat model of generalized absence epilepsies (Genetic Absence Epilepsy Rats from Strasbourg, GAERS), multiunit activity was recorded simultaneously at different sites of the thalamocortical system under neurolept anaesthesia (fentanyl-droperidol). Under these conditions, bilaterally synchronized spike-and-wave-discharges (SWDs) occurred spontaneously on(More)
Projection neurons of mouse basolateral amygdala responded to CCK with an inward current at a holding potential of -70 mV. This response was mediated by CCK2 receptors as indicated by agonist and antagonist effectiveness, and conveyed via G-proteins of the G(q/11) family as it was abolished in gene knockout mice. Maximal current amplitude was insensitive to(More)