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The mapping of cognitive functions to neural systems is a central goal of cognitive neuroscience. On the basis of homology with lesion and physiological studies in nonhuman primates, Brodmann's area (BA) 46/9 in the middle frontal gyrus (MFG) has been proposed as the cortical focus for both the storage as well as processing components of working memory in(More)
In this study we have attempted to define the neural circuits differentially activated by cognitive interference. We used event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to identify areas of the brain that are activated by the Stroop word-color task in two experiments. In the first experiment, we used infrequent, incongruent colored word stimuli(More)
A neural network model based on the anatomy and physiology of the cerebellum is presented that can generate both simple and complex predictive pursuit, while also responding in a feedback mode to visual perturbations from an ongoing trajectory. The model allows the prediction of complex movements by adding two features that are not present in other pursuit(More)
Purkinje cells in the flocculus and ventral paraflocculus were studied in tasks designed to distinguish predictive versus visually guided mechanisms of smooth pursuit. A sum-of-sines task allowed studies of complex predictive pursuit. A perturbation task examined visually driven pursuit during unpredictable right-angle changes in target direction. A gap(More)
Smooth pursuit eye movements were studied in monkeys tracking target spots that moved two-dimensionally. Complex target trajectories were created by applying either two or three sinusoids to horizontal and vertical axes in various combinations. The chance of observing predictable performance was increased by repeated training on each trajectory. Data(More)
Responses from 69 Purkinje cells in the flocculus and paraflocculus of two rhesus monkeys were studied during smooth pursuit of targets moving along circular trajectories and compared with responses during sinusoidal pursuit and fixation. A variety of interesting responses was observed during circular pursuit. Although some neurons fired most strongly in a(More)
Neuroimaging studies commonly show widespread activations in the prefrontal cortex during various forms of working memory and long-term memory tasks. However, the anterior prefrontal cortex (aPFC, Brodmann area 10) has been mainly associated with retrieval in episodic memory, and its role in working memory is less clear. We conducted an event-related(More)
Smooth pursuit eye movements provide a good model system for cerebellar studies of complex motor control in monkeys. First, the pursuit system exhibits predictive control along complex trajectories and this control improves with training. Second, the flocculus/paraflocculus region of the cerebellum appears to generate this control. Lesions impair pursuit(More)
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