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The sera of two brothers were found totally lacking hemolytic C activity. One of them, a 16-yr-old male, presented a severe lupus-like syndrome, whereas the other was apparently healthy. Immunochemical quantitation of C components in both sera showed depressed levels of C1q, whereas the levels of C1r, C1s, and C1 inhibitor were elevated. C4, C3, C5, factor(More)
Five differently isolated and purified human C1q preparations were examined by electron microscopy and analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in 0.1% sodium dodecyl sulfate and 0.5 M urea. The amino acid and carbohydrate composition of C1q purified by the DNA method are reported and compared with results obtained on C1q isolated by other procedures.(More)
With the characterization of an increasing number of molecules that are capable of activating the 1st component of the classical pathway of complement (C), the possibility that some Gram-negative bacteria may activate C1 independent of naturally occurring antibody has been reexamined. We have confirmed a previous report that purified C1 (the activated form(More)
Fibronectin immobilized to plastic tubes binds soluble C1q with a Kd of 82 +/- 2.6 nM. The binding of fibronectin to C1q is relatively insensitive to pH but is sensitive to ionic conditions. C1q covalently bound to Sepharose selectively binds cellular fibronectin produced by a hamster fibroblast cell line. The globular head regions of C1q have no effect on(More)
C1 activation is controlled by the regulatory protein C1-inhibitor (C1-INH). In contrast to immune-complex-induced activation, which is insensitive to C1-INH, antibody-independent activation of C1 is modulated by C1-INH. The mechanisms regulating nonimmune activation were studied with two phospholipids varying in their capacity to activate C1 in the(More)
Lipid vesicles containing phospholipids known to be present in substantial amounts in mitochondrial membranes were tested for their capacity to activate C1. Among them, only cardiolipin (CL) was highly efficient in C1 activation; no such effect was observed with phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, or phosphatidylinositol. CL was shown to bind(More)