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Calcium activation of fast striated muscle results from an opening of the regulatory N-terminal domain of fast skeletal troponin C (fsTnC), and a substantial exposure of a hydrophobic patch, essential for Ca(2+)-dependent interaction with fast skeletal troponin I (fsTnI). This interaction is obligatory to relieve the inhibition of strong, force-generating(More)
Phosphorylation of two adjacent serine residues in the unique N-terminal extension of cardiac muscle troponin I (cTnI) is known to decrease the Ca2+-sensitivity of cardiac myofilaments. To probe the structural significance of the N-terminal extension, we have constructed two cTnI mutants each containing a single cysteine: (1) a full-length cTnI mutant(More)
Phosphorylation of the cardiac specific amino-terminus of troponin I has been demonstrated to reduce the Ca2+ affinity of the cardiac troponin C regulatory site. Recombinant N-terminal cardiac troponin I proteins, cardiac troponin I(33-80), cardiac troponin I(1-80), cardiac troponin I(1-80)DD and cardiac troponin I(1-80)pp, phosphorylated by protein kinase(More)
Multidimensional heteronuclear magnetic resonance studies of the cardiac troponin C/troponin I(1-80)/troponin I(129-166) complex demonstrated that cardiac troponin I(129-166), corresponding to the adjacent inhibitory and regulatory regions, interacts with and induces an opening of the cardiac troponin C regulatory domain. Chemical shift perturbation mapping(More)
We have studied the kinetics of the structural transitions induced by calcium binding to the single, regulatory site of cardiac troponin C by measuring the rates of calcium-mediated fluorescence changes with a monocysteine mutant of the protein (C35S) specifically labeled at Cys-84 with the fluorescent probe(More)
Two monocysteine mutants of cardiac muscle troponin C, cTnC(C35S) and cTnC(C84S), were genetically generated and labeled with the fluorescent probe 2-[4'-(iodoacetamido)anilino]naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid (IAANS) at Cys-84 and Cys-35, respectively. Cys-84 is located on helix D in the regulatory N-domain, and Cys-35 is at the -y position of the inactive(More)
A hypothetical model of the interaction of antipsychotic drugs with the dopamine receptor is described. This three-dimensional molecular model has been developed on the basis of plausible intermolecular interactions between pharmacophoric groups of diverse types of antipsychotic drugs and postulated amino acid side chain substituents of the receptor(More)
Proteinaceous cast formation in the distal nephron of the kidney from low molecular weight proteinuria is a significant, but poorly characterized, cause of renal failure. To study this phenomenon, we: (a) microperfused the loop segment (LS) of rats in vivo with artificial tubule fluid (ATF) containing four different low molecular weight proteins, 0.01-50(More)
The interaction of troponin I (CTnI) with troponin C (CTnC) from bovine cardiac muscle was studied using CTnC modified at Cys35 and Cys84 with the fluorescent probe 2-[(4'-iodoacetamido)-anilino]naphthalene-6-sulfonic acid (CTnCIAANS). The association constant for complex formation between the two proteins was determined at 20 degrees C in 0.4 M KCl, 1 mM(More)
We have determined six molecular distances among four sites in the binary complex formed between troponin C (TnC) and troponin I (TnI) by fluorescence resonance energy transfer between donor and acceptor probes that were either an intrinsic fluorophore (Trp158 of TnI) or extrinsic probes attached to the sites. The three extrinsic probes were dansylaziridine(More)