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BACKGROUND During cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), thrombolysis can help to stabilise patients with pulmonary embolism and myocardial infarction. Moreover, thrombolysis during CPR has beneficial effects on cerebral reperfusion after cardiac arrest. We investigated this new therapeutic approach in patients in whom conventional CPR had been unsuccessful.(More)
BACKGROUND The results of early conventional tests do not correlate with cerebral outcome after cardiac arrest. We investigated the serum levels of astroglial protein S-100 as an early marker of brain damage and outcome after cardiac arrest. METHODS AND RESULTS In 66 patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation after nontraumatic cardiac arrest,(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the effect of a physician staffed advanced cardiac life support (ALS) system on patient outcome following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. DESIGN Observational study. SETTING Two tier basic life support (BLS) and physician staffed ALS services in the midsized urban/suburban area of Heidelberg, Germany. PATIENTS All patients suffering(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) in mammals is created and maintained by cerebral endothelial cells (cEC) that express specialized functional properties, including intercellular tight junctions, absence of fenestrae and specific membrane transport systems. It has been proposed that the differentiation of these characteristics, acquired during brain(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated that there is a lack of agreement between intermittent cold bolus thermodilution (ICO) and a semicontinuous method with dilution of heat (CCO) in cardiac surgical patients following hypothermic extracorporeal circulation (HCPB). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to compare both ICO and CCO with(More)
Vascularization and expression of blood-brain barrier (bbb)-associated morphological characteristics during the embryonic development of the mouse central nervous system (CNS) was studied by ultrastructural analysis. At embryonic day 9 (E9) capillaries were only found in the perineural mesenchymal tissue. These capillaries showed fenestrations, and pericyte(More)
Since Glut 1 was shown to be highly abundant in brain microvessels, its distribution during early developmental stages seems of importance in respect to the timing of blood-brain barrier (bbb) formation in the developing CNS. Here we have followed the temporal expression of the erythroid-type glucose transporter Glut 1 in the telencephalon of the embryonic(More)
The effect of several basement membrane components on the aggregation of acetylcholine (ACh) receptors on cultured myotubes was studied. Cultures were incubated for 16 to 24 hr with laminin, a heparan sulfate proteoglycan, collagen types IV and V, or fibronectin, alone, or together with medium conditioned by NG108-15 neuroblastoma X glioma hybrid cells(More)
Cortical brain cells from 14-day-old mouse embryos were seeded on various substrates and cultivated in serum-free medium with or without conditioned medium from astrocytes or C6 glioma cells. Poly-L-lysine was shown to be the best substrate for cell attachment followed by Concanavalin A (ConA) and adhesion particles derived from glia cells. Cells grown on(More)
During the onset of transformation, Rous sarcoma virus-infected cells undergo characteristic morphological changes that reflect the biochemical events induced by the viral src gene. Temperature downshift experiments using chick embryo cells infected with transformation-defective temperature-sensitive viral mutants have shown two major morphological changes(More)