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Immunosensing microfluidic devices are reviewed. Devices are commonly fabricated in glass, silicon, and polymers, with polymers seeing greater attention in recent years. Methods have been developed to immobilize antibodies and other molecules and resist non-specific adsorption through surface modification. The most common detection method is fluorescence,(More)
Electrochemical biosensors combine the sensitivity of electroanalytical methods with the inherent bioselectivity of the biological component. The biological component in the sensor recognizes its analyte resulting in a catalytic or binding event that ultimately produces an electrical signal monitored by a transducer that is proportional to analyte(More)
The concept of a simultaneous dual analyte immunoassay based on two different metal ion labels is demonstrated. The model system consists of two proteins, human serum albumin (HSA) and immunoglobulin G (IgG). Bismuth and indium ions have been coupled to these proteins through the bifunctional chelating agent diethylenetriamine-pentaacetic acid (DTPA). A(More)
This paper presents the development and characterization of an integrated microfluidic biochemical detection system for fast and low-volume immunoassays using magnetic beads, which are used as both immobilization surfaces and bio-molecule carriers. Microfluidic components have been developed and integrated to construct a microfluidic biochemical detection(More)
Alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (AGP) is a glycoprotein that consists of 183 amino acid residues and five carbohydrate chains and binds to neutral and basic drugs. We examined the structural properties and ligand-binding capacity of AGP in interactions with reverse micelles. Also, detailed information was obtained by comparing several different states of AGP.(More)
Alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (AGP) consists of 183 amino acid residues and 5 carbohydrate chains and binds to basic and neutral drugs as well as steroid hormones. We investigated the structural properties and ligand-binding capacity of AGP under mild acidic conditions and its interactions with liposomes prepared from neutral or anionic lipids and the neutral(More)
A simple, fast and sensitive method was developed to verify the presence of the sialyl Lewis(x) antigen on an N-linked glycoprotein. High performance liquid chromatography-electrospray mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI/MS) was used to identify which of the five N-linked glycosylation sites of human plasma alpha1-acid-glycoprotein (orosomucoid, OMD) contain the(More)
1. Polymers of orosomucoid were produced in two molecular shapes, filamentous (;chain') and spherical (;ball'), by heating the sodium salt of the monomer in either water or high concentrations of sodium chloride. An ;intermediate' state containing both shapes in various proportions was found in preparations obtained by polymerizing orosomucoid in(More)
A sandwich electrochemical enzyme immunoassay with flow injection analysis for the model antigen mouse IgG has been developed with alkaline phosphatase as the enzyme label. The enzyme substrate, 4-aminophenyl phosphate and its enzymatic reaction product, 4-aminophenol have been studied by cyclic and hydrodynamic voltammetry. The determination of(More)