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BACKGROUND A systemic inflammatory response after open heart operation may be responsible for hyperdynamic circulatory instability and organ dysfunction. To what extent mediator release is involved needs to be clarified. METHODS Ten patients with postoperative hyperdynamic circulatory dysregulation (group I) requiring application of alpha-constrictors and(More)
We compared embolectomy (when available) with thrombolysis in patients with shock and massive pulmonary embolism. 13 patients were operated on, 10 (77%) of whom survived. The inferior vena cava was routinely clipped. The 24 medically treated patients were given alteplase until systemic and pulmonary artery pressures stabilised and heparin thereafter; 16(More)
BACKGROUND In aortic replacement, the "elephant trunk technique" uses surplus intravascular graft length to facilitate subsequent operations on the downstream aorta. This study investigates the experience with the technique since its conception by our group. METHODS Between 1982 and 1994, 80 elephant trunks were implanted in 72 patients. In 40 cases the(More)
The optimal treatment of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) remains an open question. It is still a matter of controversial discussion whether venous decompression or liver transplantation is superior. To elucidate the role and prognosis of both surgical options in our own experience, a consecutive series of 50 patients treated between 1981 and 1993 was(More)
Repair of aortic coarctation was performed in 152 adolescent and adult patients (mean age 28.5 years, range 14-67 years). Ninety patients were treated with patch plasty, 33 with end-to-end anastomosis, 18 with interposition of a tubular graft, 6 with prosthetic bypass and 5 with direct plasty. There were two (1.3%) early and ten (6.6%) late deaths after 2.9(More)
Clinical experience with permanent transvenous pacing during a 6 year period at Hannover Medical School is presented. A total of 1,376 pacemaker operations were performed in 799 patients, with a mortality rate of 1.1 per cent. The most common complications were premature battery failure, dislocation of endocardial electrodes, infections of the generator(More)
We evaluated the amount of beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptors in human right and left atrium as well as in right and left ventricular wall obtained from heart transplant recipients who suffered from end-stage congestive cardiomyopathy. The total number of myocardial beta-adrenoceptors was assessed with the nonsubtype selective beta-adrenoceptor radioligand(More)
BACKGROUND Aortic dissection with branch obstruction is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Fenestration of the dissection flap to relieve distal vessel ischemia is at present largely performed surgically. The surgical mortality and morbidity are high, because most patients are poor candidates for anesthesia or surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS Nine(More)