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OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to determine the spectrum and prevalence of "background genetic noise" in the arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC) genetic test and to determine genetic associations that can guide the interpretation of a positive test result. BACKGROUND ARVC is a potentially lethal genetic cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND Several genetic defects are associated with permanent congenital hypothyroidism. Immunologic, environmental, and iatrogenic (but not genetic) factors are known to induce transient congenital hypothyroidism, which spontaneously resolves within the first months of life. We hypothesized that molecular defects in the thyroid oxidase system, which is(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was undertaken to determine the spectrum and prevalence of mutations in the RYR2-encoded cardiac ryanodine receptor in cases with exertional syncope and normal corrected QT interval (QTc). BACKGROUND Mutations in RYR2 cause type 1 catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT1), a cardiac channelopathy with increased(More)
Chromosomal DNA prepared from 90 unrelated individuals, mainly of Caucasian origin, was screened for restriction fragment length polymorphisms in the 3′ 220 kilobase pairs (kb) of the human thyroglobulin (Tg) gene. The probes used were Tg cDNA fragments and subcloned single-copy genomic segments, isolated from a human cosmid library. All in all, 1164(More)
Desmosomes are dynamic junctions between cells that maintain the structural integrity of skin and heart tissues by withstanding shear forces. Mutations in component genes cause life-threatening conditions including arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, and desmosomal proteins are targeted by pathogenic autoantibodies in skin blistering diseases(More)
Thyroid peroxidase (TPO) is the key enzyme in the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Defects in the TPO gene are reported to be the cause of congenital hypothyroidism due to a Total Iodide Organification Defect (TIOD). This type of defect, where iodide taken up by the thyroid gland cannot be oxidized and bound to protein, is the most common hereditary inborn(More)
Tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome (TRPS) is characterized by craniofacial and skeletal abnormalities, and subdivided in TRPS I, caused by mutations in TRPS1, and TRPS II, caused by a contiguous gene deletion affecting (amongst others) TRPS1 and EXT1. We performed a collaborative international study to delineate phenotype, natural history, variability, and(More)
AIMS We sought to determine the influence of genotype on clinical course and arrhythmic outcome among arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C)-associated mutation carriers. METHODS AND RESULTS Pathogenic mutations in desmosomal and non-desmosomal genes were identified in 577 patients (241 families) from USA and Dutch ARVD/C(More)
Thyroid peroxidase (TPO) is a heme binding protein localized on the apical membrane of the thyrocyte. TPO enzymatic activity is essential for thyroid hormonogenesis. Inactivating mutations form the molecular basis for a specific subtype of congenital hypothyroidism: thyroid dyshormonogenesis due to an iodide organification defect. The most common phenotype(More)
In this study we present the molecular basis of a total iodide organification defect causing severe congenital hypothyroidism. In the thyroid gland of the patient, thyroid peroxidase (TPO) activity and the iodination degree of thyroglobulin were below detection limits, and no TPO messenger ribonucleic acid was detectable by Northern blot analysis.(More)