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The control of mRNA stability is an important process that allows cells to not only limit, but also rapidly adjust, the expression of regulatory factors whose over expression may be detrimental to the host organism. Sequence elements rich in A and U nucleotides or AU-rich elements (AREs) have been known for many years to target mRNAs for rapid degradation.(More)
During Xenopus early development, gene expression is regulated mainly at the translational level by the length of the poly(A) tail of mRNAs. The Eg family and c-mos maternal mRNAs are deadenylated rapidly and translationally repressed after fertilization. Here, we characterize a short sequence element (EDEN) responsible for the rapid deadenylation of Eg5(More)
The early development of many animals relies on the posttranscriptional regulations of maternally stored mRNAs. In particular, the translation of maternal mRNAs is tightly controlled during oocyte maturation and early mitotic cycles in Xenopus. The Embryonic Deadenylation ElemeNt (EDEN) and its associated protein EDEN-BP are known to trigger deadenylation(More)
The level at which ornithine decarboxylase expression is regulated in growing oocytes has been investigated. Immunoprecipitation of the in vivo labelled proteins showed that ornithine decarboxylase accumulated less rapidly in stage IV oocytes than in previtellogenic stage I + II oocytes. Quantitative Northern analysis showed that ornithine decarboxylase(More)
CUG-BP1/CELF1 is a multifunctional RNA-binding protein involved in the regulation of alternative splicing and translation. To elucidate its role in mammalian development, we produced mice in which the Cugbp1 gene was inactivated by homologous recombination. These Cugbp1(-/-) mice were viable, although a significant portion of them did not survive after the(More)
The maternal Xenopus Eg mRNAs are adenylated and translated in the mature oocyte and then, after fertilization, are deadenylated and released from polysomes. Therefore, after fertilization, a change occurs in the cellular mechanisms that control mRNA adenylation. In the study reported here, we show that the 3' untranslated region of Eg2 mRNA contains a(More)
The first 12 cell divisions of Xenopus laevis embryos do not require gene transcription. This means that the regulation of gene expression during this period is controlled at post transcriptional levels and makes Xenopus early development a potentially interesting biological system with which to study the mechanisms involved. We describe here the stability(More)
In mammals, the CELF/Bruno-like family of RNA-binding proteins contains six members. The founder members of the family are the CUG-BP1 (CELF1) and ETR-3 (CELF2) proteins. Four other members have been identified mainly by sequence similarity. The founder members were cloned or identified in a number of laboratories which has lead to a profusion of names and(More)
CUG-BP1 [CUG-binding protein 1 also called CELF (CUG-BP1 and ETR3 like factors) 1] is a human RNA-binding protein that has been implicated in the control of splicing and mRNA translation. The Xenopus homologue [EDEN-BP (embryo deadenylation element-binding protein)] is required for rapid deadenylation of certain maternal mRNAs just after fertilization. A(More)
Cytoplasmic control of the adenylation state of mRNAs is a critical post-transcriptional process involved in the regulation of mRNAs stability and translational efficiency. The early development of Xenopus laevis has been a major model for the study of such regulations. We describe here a microarray analysis to identify mRNAs that are regulated by changes(More)