H. Beverley Osborne

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The control of mRNA stability is an important process that allows cells to not only limit, but also rapidly adjust, the expression of regulatory factors whose over expression may be detrimental to the host organism. Sequence elements rich in A and U nucleotides or AU-rich elements (AREs) have been known for many years to target mRNAs for rapid degradation.(More)
The early development of many animals relies on the posttranscriptional regulations of maternally stored mRNAs. In particular, the translation of maternal mRNAs is tightly controlled during oocyte maturation and early mitotic cycles in Xenopus. The Embryonic Deadenylation ElemeNt (EDEN) and its associated protein EDEN-BP are known to trigger deadenylation(More)
The deadenylation of maternal mRNAs in the Xenopus embryo is a sequence-specific process. One cis element that targets maternal mRNAs for deadenylation after fertilization is the embryo deadenylation element (EDEN). This element, composed of U/R repeats, is specifically bound by a protein, EDEN-BP. In the present study we show that the rate at which an RNA(More)
Liposome-mediated RNA transfection appears to present a number of advantages for studying the metabolism of reporter mRNAs in mammalian cells. This method is also widely used to transfect siRNAs. Here we describe results indicating that reporter mRNAs introduced into HeLa cells by liposomes do not present the expected behaviors. Namely, the stability of(More)
Cytoplasmic control of the adenylation state of mRNAs is a critical post-transcriptional process involved in the regulation of mRNAs stability and translational efficiency. The early development of Xenopus laevis has been a major model for the study of such regulations. We describe here a microarray analysis to identify mRNAs that are regulated by changes(More)
During Xenopus early development, the length of the poly(A) tail of maternal mRNAs is a key element of translational control. Several sequence elements (cytoplasmic polyadenylation elements) localized in 3' untranslated regions have been shown to be responsible for the cytoplasmic polyadenylation of certain maternal mRNAs. Here, we demonstrate that the mRNA(More)
Translational control is a key level in regulating gene expression in oocytes and eggs because many mRNAs are synthesized and stored during oogenesis for latter use at various stages of oocyte maturation and embryonic development. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that underlie this translational control is therefore crucial. Another important issue is(More)
EDEN-BP (embryo deadenylation element-binding protein) binds specifically to the EDEN motif in the 3'-untranslated regions of maternal mRNAs and targets these mRNAs for deadenylation and translational repression in Xenopus laevis embryos. EDEN-BP contains three RNA recognition motifs (RRMs) and is related to the elav family of RNA-binding proteins. In the(More)
BACKGROUND Specific cis-elements and the associated trans-acting factors have been implicated in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. In the era of genome wide analyses identifying novel trans-acting factors and cis-regulatory elements is a step towards understanding coordinated gene expression. UV-crosslink analysis is a standard method(More)
Alternative splicing is a widespread mechanism in mammals that generates several mRNAs from one gene, thereby creating genetic diversity of the genome. Variant splice patterns are often specific to different stages of development or particular tissues, and alternative splicing defects are being more frequently detected in genetic diseases and cancers. The(More)