H. Beverley Osborne

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The control of mRNA stability is an important process that allows cells to not only limit, but also rapidly adjust, the expression of regulatory factors whose over expression may be detrimental to the host organism. Sequence elements rich in A and U nucleotides or AU-rich elements (AREs) have been known for many years to target mRNAs for rapid degradation.(More)
During Xenopus early development, gene expression is regulated mainly at the translational level by the length of the poly(A) tail of mRNAs. The Eg family and c-mos maternal mRNAs are deadenylated rapidly and translationally repressed after fertilization. Here, we characterize a short sequence element (EDEN) responsible for the rapid deadenylation of Eg5(More)
CUG-BP1 [CUG-binding protein 1 also called CELF (CUG-BP1 and ETR3 like factors) 1] is a human RNA-binding protein that has been implicated in the control of splicing and mRNA translation. The Xenopus homologue [EDEN-BP (embryo deadenylation element-binding protein)] is required for rapid deadenylation of certain maternal mRNAs just after fertilization. A(More)
The early development of many animals relies on the posttranscriptional regulations of maternally stored mRNAs. In particular, the translation of maternal mRNAs is tightly controlled during oocyte maturation and early mitotic cycles in Xenopus. The Embryonic Deadenylation ElemeNt (EDEN) and its associated protein EDEN-BP are known to trigger deadenylation(More)
The poly(A) tail of mRNAs plays an important role in translational control. In Xenopus laevis matured oocytes, maternal mRNAs that contain a cytoplasmic polyadenylation element (CPE) are polyadenylated, whereas CPE deficient mRNAs are deadenylated by a default process. Eg mRNAs are maternal transcripts that are poly(A)+ in matured oocytes and rapidly(More)
Maternal Xenopus Eg mRNAs have been previously identified as transcripts that are specifically deadenylated after fertilization and degraded after the mid blastula transition. Destabilizing cis sequences were previously localised in the 3' untranslated region of Eg2 mRNA. In order to characterize possible trans-acting factors which are involved in the(More)
The level at which ornithine decarboxylase expression is regulated in growing oocytes has been investigated. Immunoprecipitation of the in vivo labelled proteins showed that ornithine decarboxylase accumulated less rapidly in stage IV oocytes than in previtellogenic stage I + II oocytes. Quantitative Northern analysis showed that ornithine decarboxylase(More)
The maternal Xenopus Eg mRNAs are adenylated and translated in the mature oocyte and then, after fertilization, are deadenylated and released from polysomes. Therefore, after fertilization, a change occurs in the cellular mechanisms that control mRNA adenylation. In the study reported here, we show that the 3' untranslated region of Eg2 mRNA contains a(More)
In mammalian cells, certain mRNAs encoding cytokines or proto-oncogenes are especially unstable, because of the presence of a particular sequence element in their 3'-untranslated region named ARE (A/U-rich element). AREs cause this instability by provoking the rapid shortening of the poly(A) tail of the mRNA. The deadenylation of mRNAs mediated by AREs(More)
CUG-BP1/CELF1 is a multifunctional RNA-binding protein involved in the regulation of alternative splicing and translation. To elucidate its role in mammalian development, we produced mice in which the Cugbp1 gene was inactivated by homologous recombination. These Cugbp1(-/-) mice were viable, although a significant portion of them did not survive after the(More)