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To compare the toxicity and efficacy of intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunotherapy and mitomycin C (MMC) chemotherapy in the prophylaxis of recurrent transitional cell carcinoma, 469 patients with completely resected stage Ta or TI transitional cell carcinoma were enrolled in a randomized Southwest Oncology Group Phase III study. All patients(More)
Candidate gene and genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 11 independent susceptibility loci associated with bladder cancer risk. To discover additional risk variants, we conducted a new GWAS of 2422 bladder cancer cases and 5751 controls, followed by a meta-analysis with two independently published bladder cancer GWAS, resulting in a(More)
At present, results of marker studies are often inconsistent and sometimes contradictory. Recognized problems include multiple different methods of performing the assays, different subsets of patients and different endpoints, leading to incompatible datasets. Although there has been discussion of establishing general methodological principles and guidelines(More)
OBJECTIVE Diagnosis and surveillance of high risk non muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) represent specific challenges to urologists. In contrast to low/intermediate risk tumors, these tumors recur more frequently. A significant number will eventually progress to muscle-invasive bladder cancer, a life threatening disease requiring extensive therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND Results of studies of fluid consumption and its association with bladder cancer have been inconsistent. Few studies have considered modification effects from genetic variants that may interact with the type of consumed fluids. UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs), which are membrane-bound conjugating enzymes, catalyse the transformation of(More)
OBJECTIVES To present a molecular definition of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) failure that incorporates fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) testing to predict BCG failure before it becomes clinically evident, which can be used to enhance trial designs for patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS We used data from 143(More)
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