H. Anne de Boer

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Lactoferrin (LF), a cationic 80-kDa protein present in polymorphonuclear leukocytes and in mucosal secretions, is known to have antibacterial effects on gram-negative bacteria, with a concomitant release of lipopolysaccharides (LPS, endotoxin). In addition, LF is known to decrease LPS-induced cytokine release by monocytes and LPS priming of(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the translation initiation regions of 96 Saccharomyces cerevisiae mRNAs was compiled and compared. The entire 5' untranslated sequence of most mRNAs is very rich in A-residues. G-residues are underrepresented in the untranslated region. The AUG startcodon context appeared to be distinctly different from that of animal mRNAs,(More)
To identify cis-acting regulatory elements involved in the regulation of expression of the casein genes, the bovine beta-, alpha s2- and kappa-casein genes were isolated from cosmid libraries and introduced into the murine germline. Bovine casein expression was analysed at the RNA and protein level. The bovine beta-casein gene, including 16 kb of 5'- and 8(More)
Two hybrid promoters that are functional in Escherichia coli have been constructed. These hybrid promoters, tacI and tacII, were derived from sequences of the trp and the lac UV5 promoters. In the first hybrid promoter (tacI), the DNA upstream of position -20 with respect to the transcriptional start site was derived from the trp promoter. The DNA(More)
Human lactoferrin (hLF) is a glycoprotein involved in the host defence against infection and excessive inflammation. Our objective was to determine to what extent each of the three sequons for N-linked glycosylation in hLF is actually used. Human kidney-derived 293(S) cell lines expressing recombinant hLF (rhLF) or glycosylation-site mutants were produced.(More)
Glycogen storage disease type II (GSDII) is caused by lysosomal acid alpha-glucosidase deficiency. Patients have a rapidly fatal or slowly progressive impairment of muscle function. Enzyme replacement therapy is under investigation. For large-scale, cost-effective production of recombinant human acid alpha-glucosidase in the milk of transgenic animals, we(More)
In Escherichia coli, all mRNAs are translated by one pool of functionally identical ribosomes. Here, we describe a system in which a subpopulation of modified ribosomes are directed to a single mutated mRNA species. This was accomplished by changing the Shine-Dalgarno sequence that precedes the heterologous human growth hormone gene from 5' GGAGG to 5'(More)
The upper stem of helix 34, consisting of the base-paired sequences C1063G1064U1065 and A1191C1192G1193, is suggested to be involved in the binding of spectinomycin. In E. coli 16S rRNA, each of the three mutations at position C1192 confers resistance to spectinomycin. In chloroplast ribosomes from tobacco plants and algae, resistance is conferred by single(More)
The coding sequences of genes in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae show a preference for 25 of the 61 possible coding triplets. The degree of this biased codon usage in each gene is positively correlated to its expression level. Highly expressed genes use these 25 major codons almost exclusively. As an experimental approach to studying biased codon usage(More)
Human lactoferrin (hLF), a protein involved in host defence against infection and excessive inflammation, interacts with heparin, the lipid A moiety of bacterial lipopolysaccharide, human lysozyme (hLZ) and DNA. To determine which region of the molecule is important in these interactions, solid-phase ligand binding assays were performed with hLF from human(More)