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The diversity of microRNAs and small-interfering RNAs has been extensively explored within angiosperms by focusing on a few key organisms such as Oryza sativa and Arabidopsis thaliana. A deeper division of the plants is defined by the radiation of the angiosperms and gymnosperms, with the latter comprising the commercially important conifers. The conifers(More)
In eukaryotes, dozens of posttranscriptional modifications are directed to specific nucleotides in ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) by small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs). We identified homologs of snoRNA genes in both branches of the Archaea. Eighteen small sno-like RNAs (sRNAs) were cloned from the archaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius by coimmunoprecipitation with(More)
BACKGROUND DNA sequencing is used ubiquitously: from deciphering genomes to determining the primary sequence of small RNAs (smRNAs). The cloning of smRNAs is currently the most conventional method to determine the actual sequence of these important regulators of gene expression. Typical smRNA cloning projects involve the sequencing of hundreds to thousands(More)
There is a resurgence of interest in RNA secondary structure prediction problem (a.k.a. the RNA folding problem) due to the discovery of many new families of non-coding RNAs with a variety of functions. The vast majority of the computational tools for RNA secondary structure prediction are based on free energy minimization. Here the goal is to compute a(More)
Here we present a simple and inexpensive gel-shift assay for the detection and quantification of small RNAs. The assay is at least 5-10 times more sensitive than a conventional Northern, and is highly scalable. Total RNA is first size purified to enrich the desired size range, phosphatase treated, and then radiolabeled to high specific activity using(More)
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