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PURPOSE This article introduces a simple and reproducible classification of the degree of atrophy in fractures of the atrophic edentulous mandible, and evaluates the results of treatment in 84 consecutive fractures based on this classification. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eight-four fractures of the edentulous mandible, with a height at the fracture site of < or(More)
The aim of this report is to present preliminary results and experiences using an ultrasonic bone-cutting device in bilateral sagittal split osteotomies of the mandible (BSSRO) with particular attention to possible damages to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). Seven patients with class II or class III malocclusion were treated by BSSRO with a conventional(More)
Distraction osteogenesis of the mandible is an option in the treatment of mandibular hypoplasia. Today, only intermittent distraction devices are available for clinical application. The aim of this study in minipigs was to evaluate continuous bone distraction using a microhydraulic cylinder. After a seven-day interval, continuous or intermittent distraction(More)
Metallic plates are known for their passive intraosseous transmission in the growing skull. To avoid plate removal, resorbable material with strength comparable to that of metallic plates and predictable resorption would be desirable. This should be accomplished without causing inflammatory complications and foreign body reactions often seen with highly(More)
OBJECTIVE Piezoelectric surgery represents an innovative, ultrasonic surgery technique for performing a safe and effective osteotomy or osteoplasty that contrasts with the traditional hard and soft tissue management methods with rotating instruments. METHODS Because of its physical and mechanical properties, the definitive clinical advantage of(More)
In seven Goettingen minipigs 3.5--4.7-ml cancellous bone defects were created in the area of the tibial head on both sides. The defects were filled with alpha-TCP or beta-TCP (tricalciumphosphate). ITI implants (Straumann, Freiburg, Germany) of 3.2 x 12-mm length were inserted into the underlying ceramic substitutes. Two additional pigs were used as(More)
In the quest for bioinert adaptable alloplastic materials, TCP ceramics have gained a new application in craniofacial bone substitutes. Therefore, a histomorphological, intraindividual, comparative study was conducted on seven adult Goettingen miniature pigs (GMP) to analyze the difference of the degradation and remodelling processes of alpha-TCP and(More)
The role of the periosteum in the osteointegration of hydroxyapatite (HA) granules was studied in the skull and tibial bone of eight adult Göttingen minipigs. Calcein and tetracycline were used as labeling stains to determine new bone formation. Depending on the condition of the periosteum, three different patterns of osteointegration of HA were found.
Because treatment of fractures of the atrophic mandible still today presents significant difficulties and treatment modalities remain controversial, 87 of these consecutive fractures which were treated by an uniform method as compression osteosynthesis were evaluated. A new classification of the degree of atrophy which considers the special interest of(More)
AIM In reconstructive craniofacial surgery a new synthetic hydroxyapatite cement has been used in the last few years. Tetra- and dicalcium phosphates react with either slow setting aqua bidest. or with faster setting sodium monophosphate solution to hydroxyapatite. The aim of this study was to investigate the two mixing fluids of hydroxyapatite for(More)