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We describe the different stages in the data mining process and discuss some pitfalls and guidelines to circumvent them. Despite the predominant attention on analysis, data selection and pre-processing are the most time-consuming activities, and have a substantial in¯uence on ultimate success. Successful data mining projects require the involvement of(More)
The comparative efficacy of prednisolone followed by interferon alfa (IFN-alpha) versus IFN-alpha alone in enhancing the rate of antibody to hepatitis B e antigen (anti-HBe) seroconversion has not been evaluated in a large cohort of white children. To determine this, a multicenter-controlled trial was conducted in 95 hepatitis B virus (HBV)-DNA/hepatitis B(More)
The implications of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reinfection after liver transplantation were studied in 29 patients followed for 1.7-15 years. Of 20 patients with HBV infection alone, nine were HBeAg and HBV DNA seronegative and 11 had evidence of HBV replication as measured by HBeAg or HBV DNA seropositivity. Nine patients had co-existing HBV and delta virus(More)
Because of widely differing reports on the significance of IgM anti-HBc in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, paired sera and liver biopsies from 49 patients with chronic HBV infection were analysed for serum IgM anti-HBc, HBsAg titre, HBeAg/anti-HBe, HBV DNA, serum aspartate transaminase, intrahepatic HBcAg expression, and liver histology. High(More)
Seven chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus (HBV) were studied during treatment with interferon-alpha to determine whether tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) or interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) contributed to the elimination of HBV. Four patients responded to interferon-alpha with clearance of HBeAg and permanent inhibition of HBV replication within(More)
Plasma tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF) and in-vitro TNF production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were studied in 22 HBsAg seropositive patients and compared with 23 normal and 10 disease controls. Plasma TNF and unstimulated TNF production correlated (Rs = 0.55, p = 0.012) and were significantly elevated in HBsAg and HBeAg seropositive(More)
Foscarnet (trisodium phosphonoformate) is a novel antiviral agent that inhibits viral-specific DNA polymerase. In the present study, eight males with chronic HBV carriage (HBeAg and HBV-DNA seropositivity greater than 12 months) showing chronic persistent hepatitis (CPH) or chronic active hepatitis (CAH) on liver biopsy received either a continuous infusion(More)
46 male chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers with active viral replication were randomised, with stratification for histology and sexual preference, to receive six months' lymphoblastoid interferon or no therapy. After nine to eighteen months' follow-up, HBeAg was no longer detectable and anti-HBe was present in 6 of the 23 treated patients. HBsAg was(More)