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OBJECTIVES This study examined the prevalence of occasional smoking in a population of working adults, compared the characteristics of occasional and daily smokers, and prospectively examined the long-term smoking patterns of occasional smokers. METHODS At 32 Minnesota work sites, 5681 randomly selected workers were surveyed at baseline; 5248 of these(More)
We review the various ways in which telephone counseling has been used in smoking cessation programs. Reactive approaches--help lines or crisis lines--attract only a small percentage of eligible smokers but are sensitive to promotional campaigns. While difficult to evaluate, they appear to be efficacious and useful as a public intervention for large(More)
OBJECTIVES This study is an evaluation of relapse prevention interventions for smokers who quit during pregnancy. METHODS Pregnant smokers at 2 managed care organizations were randomized to receive a self-help booklet only, prepartum relapse prevention, or prepartum and postpartum relapse prevention. Follow-up surveys were conducted at 28 weeks of(More)
Perceptions of support for cessation of smoking during pregnancy, likelihood of quitting, and partner smoking status were explored in a sample of 688 pregnant smokers (372 baseline smokers and 316 baseline quitters). Women with nonsmoking partners were significantly more likely to be baseline quitters than women with partners who smoked. Baseline quitters(More)
Health hazards due to smoking may undermine benefits of HIV treatment on morbidity and mortality. Over 40% of persons with HIV are current smokers. Health risks of smoking include increases in some HIV-associated infections, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, bacterial pneumonia and other lung disease, and overall mortality. Proven strategies for smoking(More)
Reported here are findings from a randomized community intervention trial that followed 90 recovering alcoholic smokers for 6 months. Because the brief (10-min) study intervention had no effect on tobacco use, intervention and control participants were pooled to identify predictors of attempts to quit smoking that may inform clinical practice. During the(More)
OBJECTIVES The Minnesota Heart Health Program was a research and demonstration project designed to reduce risk factors for heart disease in whole communities. This paper describes smoking-specific interventions and outcomes. METHODS Three pairs of matched communities were included in the study. After baseline surveys, one community in each pair received a(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the efficacy of providing online cessation intervention for college smokers. METHODS This is a two-group randomized controlled trial. The intervention group received $10 weekly incentives to visit an online college life magazine that provided personalized smoking cessation messages and peer email support. Evaluation assessments(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide a comprehensive assessment of smoking prevalence and risks for smoking in an entire population of United States Air Force (USAF) military basic trainees (n = 32,144). DESIGN Population-based survey with every individual entering the USAF enlisted force from August 1995 to August 1996. SETTING USAF Basic Military Training (BMT)(More)
BACKGROUND Early age of initiation is a significant risk factor for long-term dependent smoking and may also relate to other unhealthy behaviors and increased likelihood of illness, independent of duration of smoking. METHODS The current study assessed age of initiation in relation to cigarette dependence, interest in quitting, social environment(More)