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Each member of this consortium is dedicated to improving the Nation's public health, and their participation in this collaboration clearly demonstrates a strong commitment to tobacco cessation. This guideline is an updated version of the 1996 Smoking Cessation Clinical Practice Guideline No. 18. It is the product of a private-sector panel of experts,(More)
Using data from smokers (N = 591) who enrolled in an 8-week smoking cessation program and were then followed for 15 months, the authors tested the thesis that self-efficacy guides the decision to initiate smoking cessation but that satisfaction with the outcomes afforded by quitting guides the decision to maintain cessation. Measures of self-efficacy and(More)
Correlates of concern about weight gain following smoking cessation and self-efficacy about controlling weight gain were examined in 940 men and 1,166 women who were surveyed on 2 occasions as part of a randomized trial of work-site interventions for smoking cessation. Weight concerns were positively associated with female sex, body weight, dieting for(More)
Assessed perceptions of the health risks associated with smoking in comparison with not smoking among members of smoking cessation clinics. We measured these perceptions at three different time periods during the clinic, and then again at a 6-month follow-up. Results indicated that members who were abstinent at the follow-up had lowered their perceptions of(More)
Smoking is the leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the United States, and the health benefits of quitting smoking are substantial. Nevertheless, over 25% of American adults (48 million individuals) continue to smoke, and the vast majority of quit attempts are unsuccessful. The Agency for Health Care Policy and Research recently addressed(More)
Parental tobacco use is a serious health issue for all family members. Child health care clinicians are in a unique and important position to address parental smoking because of the regular, multiple contacts with parents and the harmful health consequences to their patients. This article synthesizes the current evidence-based interventions for treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND The commercial potential of social media is utilized by tobacco manufacturers and vendors for tobacco promotion online. However, the prevalence and promotional strategies of pro-tobacco content in social media are still not widely understood. OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to reveal what is presented by the tobacco industry, and how it(More)
OBJECTIVE Our primary objective was to test the thesis that the initiation of behavior change is dependent on favorable expectations, whereas maintaining a change in behavior is dependent on satisfaction with the outcomes afforded by behavior change. These hypotheses were tested in the context of a smoking cessation intervention. DESIGN Adult smokers were(More)
Perceived stress and depressive symptoms were examined as correlates and predictors of smoking cessation during pregnancy in a sample of 819 pregnant smokers (454 baseline smokers and 365 baseline quitters). Women who quit early in pregnancy had lower levels of stress and depressive symptoms than baseline smokers. Adjusting for level of addiction and other(More)
Assessed the usefulness of carbon monoxide (CO) breath validation of self-reported smoking status in a large worksite population (N = 4,647). CO assessment was performed as part of a baseline survey procedure. CO levels differed substantially in relation to self-reported smoking status and amount smoked. Correcting for ambient exposure (estimated by mean CO(More)