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Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein enzyme which has been linked to malignant transformation in human cells. Telomerase activity is increased in the vast majority of human tumors, making its gene product the first molecule common to all human tumors. The generation of endogenously processed telomerase peptides bound to Class I MHC molecules could therefore(More)
Most of the human tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) characterized thus far are derived from nonmutated "self"-proteins. Numerous strategies have been developed to break tolerance to TAAs, combining various forms of antigens with different vectors and adjuvants. However, no study has yet determined how to select epitopes within a given TAA to induce the(More)
HER-2/neu is a tumor-associated antigen overexpressed in a large variety of human tumors. Eight HER-2/neu peptides displaying HLA-A*0201 anchoring motifs were selected and tested for their binding affinity to HLA-A*0201 and their capacity to elicit cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses in both HLA-A*0201 transgenic mice and in HLA-A*0201(+) healthy donors.(More)
AIM The MITOCARE study evaluated the efficacy and safety of TRO40303 for the reduction of reperfusion injury in patients undergoing revascularization for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS Patients presenting with STEMI within 6 h of the onset of pain randomly received TRO40303 (n = 83) or placebo (n = 80) via i.v. bolus injection prior(More)
Human chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is characterized by a translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22 that results in a BCR-ABL fusion gene coding for chimeric proteins. The junctional region of the BCR-ABLb3a2 molecule represents a potential leukemia-specific antigen which could be recognized by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). In fact, we identified a(More)
Antigen presentation by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules requires peptide supply by the transporters associated with antigen processing (TAPs), which select substrates in a species- and, in the rat, allele-specific manner. Conflicts between TAPs and MHC preferences for COOH-terminal peptide residues in rodent cells strongly reduce(More)
Epitope-based vaccination strategies designed to induce tumor-specific CD8 CTL are being widely considered for cancer immunotherapy. Here we describe a recombinant poxvirus vaccine that codes for ten HLA-A2-restricted epitopes derived from five melanoma Ags conjoined in an artificial polyepitope or polytope construct. Target cells infected with the melanoma(More)
The importance of using translational safety biomarkers that can predict, detect and monitor drug-induced toxicity during human trials is becoming increasingly recognized. However, suitable processes to qualify biomarkers in clinical studies have not yet been established. There is a need to define clear scientific guidelines to link biomarkers to clinical(More)
Crystallographic analysis of human Hfe has documented an overall structure similar to classical (class Ia) MHC molecules with a peptide binding groove deprived of ligand. Thus, to address the question of whether alphabeta T cells could recognize MHC molecules independently of bound ligands, we studied human and mouse Hfe interactions with T lymphocytes. We(More)
The tetracycline-controlled transcription system (Tet-on) is widely used to regulate gene expression in mammalian cells. In gene therapy applications, immune responses to Tet-on proteins such as the rtTA transcription factor have been reported, raising concerns about their occurrence in humans. To monitor the HLA class I cytolytic responses against Tet-on(More)