Héloïse Cardinal

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PURPOSE To better communicate the impact of poor persistence when preventive therapies are initiated, we propose a new measure that is intuitively understandable for clinicians. This measure is the percent wasted patients (PWP). METHODS The PWP is the percentage of patients, out of the new users of a given preventive treatment, who have discontinued(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate whether fasting hyperhomocystinemia reduces endothelial function by oxidative stress in normotensive subjects and hypertensive patients. BACKGROUND Subjects with hyperhomocystinemia have endothelial dysfunction. METHODS In 23 normotensive subjects and 28 hypertensive patients, classified into normohomocystinemic and(More)
INTRODUCTION BK polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (BKPVAN) is a major cause of renal failure early after kidney transplantation. The present study reports the preliminary results of prospective monitoring including a preemptive strategy for BKPVAN during the first year after kidney transplantation. METHODS We monitored BK virus DNA in blood at months 1,(More)
Uremic patients have an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress that can contribute to cardiovascular (CV) events. To assess the relationship between endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress and renal failure severity, we studied 40 patients (age 57 +/- 7 yrs, 24 males) affected by chronic kidney(More)
BACKGROUND Commercial intact parathyroid hormone (I-PTH) assays detect molecular form(s) of human PTH, non-(1-84) PTH, different from the 84-amino acid native molecule. These molecular form(s) accumulate in hemodialyzed patients. We investigated the importance of non-(1-84) PTH in the interpretation of the increased I-PTH in progressive renal failure. (More)
An increased set point of PTH stimulation by ionized calcium (Ca++) has been observed in renal failure patients with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism. The extension of this concept to all renal failure patients has remained problematic, even if it could explain elevated PTH levels in the absence of other biochemical abnormalities. We were particularly(More)
RATIONALE Endothelial apoptosis is increased in association with acute and chronic vascular rejection (VR) of solid allografts. Apoptotic endothelial cells (EC) release LG3, a C-terminal fragment of perlecan of potential importance in vascular remodeling and neointima formation. OBJECTIVE Our 2 goals were to determine whether circulating levels of LG3 are(More)
INTRODUCTION Delayed graft function (DGF), defined as the need for dialysis during the first week after renal transplantation, is an important adverse clinical outcome. A previous model relied on 16 variables to quantify the risk of DGF, thereby undermining its clinical usefulness. We explored the possibility of developing a simpler, equally accurate and(More)
There is no guideline regarding the concomitant or distant administration of sevelamer and calcium carbonate. Our aim was to determine whether serum phosphate varied when sevelamer and calcium carbonate were administered concomitantly in comparison to administration at separate meals. Fourteen chronic hemodialysis patients were enrolled in this cross-over,(More)
Although both inflammation and apoptosis occur in acute coronary syndromes (ACSs), previous studies have not tested the diagnostic and prognostic utility of an approach that measures circulating markers of these pathways. The aim of the present study was to assess whether measuring soluble Fas (sFas) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), as(More)