Hélio Zangrossi Junior

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The effect of drugs bilaterally injected into the basolateral/medial nuclei of the amygdala on the behavior of male Wistar rats (300-330 g) in the elevated plus-maze was measured. The benzodiazepine agonist midazolam (MDZ, 20 and 40 nmol, 0.2 microliters; N = 8-14) significantly increased open-arm exploration (% open-arm entries: control = 20.27 +/- 3.71;(More)
We evaluated the involvement of dorsal hippocampus (DH) 5-HT1A receptors in the mediation of the behavioral effects caused by the pharmacological manipulation of 5-HT neurons in the median raphe nucleus (MRN). To this end, we used the rat elevated T-maze test of anxiety. The results showed that intra-DH injection of the 5-HT1A/7 agonist 8-OH-DPAT(More)
In the last years, the role played by the medial nucleus of the amygdala (MeA) in the modulation of fear- and anxiety-related behaviors has been increasingly investigated. This nucleus plays an important role in the processing of predator odor-induced defensive reactions, i.e. freezing and risk-assessment behaviors. Immunohistochemical evidence also(More)
Perivascular manipulation promoted by the positioning of a silicone collar around the common carotid arteries causes local inflammation and has been suggested as an animal model of atherosclerosis. This manipulation induces biochemical and morphological changes that are similar to those observed in the early stage of atherosclerosis in humans. Based on(More)
This review article focuses on the differential activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in generalized anxiety and panic. The results of experimental studies that assayed adrenocorticotropic hormone, cortisol and prolactin show that real-life panic attacks as well as those induced by selective panicogenic agents, such as lactate and(More)
Electrical or chemical stimulation of the dorsal periaqueductal gray matter (DPAG) evokes escape, a defensive behavior that has been related to panic attacks. Injection of 5-HT(1A) or 5-HT(2A) receptor agonists into this midbrain area inhibits this response. It has been proposed that the impairment of 5-HT mechanisms controlling escape at the level of the(More)
The anxiolytic effect of carbamazepine was measured in rats placed in an elevated plus-maze. Doses from 5 to 40 mg/kg, ip, of carbamazepine increased the percentage of open arm entries as well as the percentage of time spent in the two open arms of the maze. Both of these measures are interpreted as indexes of anxiety. The total number of entries in either(More)
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