Hélder Mauad

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Stimulation of the periaqueductal gray matter (PAG) and the deeper layers of superior colliculus (SC) produces both freezing (tense immobility) and flight (trotting, galloping and jumping) behaviors along with exophthalmus (fully opened bulging eyes) and, less often, micturition and defecation. The topography of these behaviors within the distinct layers of(More)
The nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) receives afferent projections from the arterial baroreceptors, carotid chemoreceptors and cardiopulmonary receptors and as a function of this information produces autonomic adjustments in order to maintain arterial blood pressure within a narrow range of variation. The activation of each of these cardiovascular afferents(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the cardiovascular activity of Scorpaena plumieri venom in both in vivo and in vitro models. In anesthetized rats, doses of the venom (14-216 microg protein/kg) induced a transient increase in the mean arterial pressure. However at higher dose (338 microg protein/kg) this effect was followed by a sudden(More)
Angiotensin II is a key player in the pathogenesis of renovascular hypertension, a condition associated with endothelial dysfunction. We investigated aliskiren (ALSK) and L-arginine treatment both alone and in combination on blood pressure (BP), and vascular reactivity in aortic rings. Hypertension was induced in 40 male Wistar rats by clipping the left(More)
Earlier studies report that sinoaortic baroreceptor denervation (SAD) in rats causes moderate elevation of mean arterial pressure along with a marked increase of arterial pressure lability (APL). In this context, we studied the effects of selective aortic denervation (AD) or selective carotid denervation (CD) on the regulation of blood pressure. In(More)
Vagal cardioinhibition is exerted through a reduction not only in the heart rate but also in the rate of propagation of the cardiac action potential and in myocardial contractility. In several species, such effects can be produced independently by selective activation of ganglia in identified 'fat pads'. In this study we investigate differential control of(More)
Sinoaortic deafferentation (SAD) in rats produces moderate increases in mean arterial pressure (MAP) along with a large augmentation of arterial pressure lability (APL). The mechanisms generating this APL are incompletely understood. To study the possible influence of breathing activity on APL in conscious SAD rats, we simultaneously recorded pulmonary(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) is a disease associated with increased arteriolar resistance in the lungs. Due to hypoxemia, some physiological mechanisms can be posteriorly affected, including respiratory and cardiovascular reflexes, but this has not yet been fully investigated. This study aimed to evaluate how these mechanisms were(More)
The maintenance of arterial pressure at levels adequate to perfuse the tissues is a basic requirement for the constancy of the internal environment and survival. The objective of the present review was to provide information about the basic reflex mechanisms that are responsible for the moment-to-moment regulation of the cardiovascular system. We(More)
Microinjection of L-glutamate into the lateral commissural nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of unanesthetized rats evokes increases in mean arterial pressure (MAP) and a bradycardia. In a previous study we verified that this increase in MAP is mediated sympathetically because prazosin (i.v.) blocks this response. The aim of the present study was to evaluate(More)