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Visceral leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is a zoonotic disease in the Mediterranean basin. We report an epidemiological survey carried out in dogs from the municipality of Alijó in the endemic region of Alto Douro (north Portugal). Performance of the direct agglutination test (DAT) was assessed in 205 matching samples of blood collected on(More)
Mesoporous silicon particles hold great potential in improving the solubility of otherwise poorly soluble drugs. To effectively translate this feature into the clinic, especially via oral or parenteral administration, a thorough understanding of the interactions of the micro- and nanosized material with the physiological environment during the delivery(More)
Cocrystallization and salt formation have been shown to entail substantial promise in tailoring the physicochemical properties of drug compounds, in particular, their dissolution and hygroscopicity. In this work, we report on the preparation and comparative evaluation of a new cocrystal of itraconazole and malonic acid and two new hydrochloric salts(More)
Low level laser therapy (LLLT) has been used clinically in order to treat inflammatory processes. In this work, we evaluated if LLLT alters kinin receptors mRNA expression in the carrageenan-induced rat paw edema. Experimental groups were designed as followed: A1 (Control-saline), A2 (Carrageenan-only), A3 (Carrageenan+laser 660 nm) and A4(More)
Despite steadily increasing insights on the biocompatibility of PSi nanoparticles (NPs), an extensive biosafety study on the immune and red blood cells (RBCs) is still lacking. Herein, we evaluated the impact of the PSi NPs' surface chemistry on immune cells and human RBCs both in vitro and in vivo. Negatively charged hydrophilic and hydrophobic PSi NPs(More)
Mesoporous materials have an ability to enhance dissolution properties of poorly soluble drugs. In this study, different mesoporous silicon (thermally oxidized and thermally carbonized) and non-ordered mesoporous silica (Syloid AL-1 and 244) microparticles were compared as drug carriers for a hydrophobic drug, itraconazole (ITZ). Different surface(More)
Cytotoxicity of ordered mesoporous silica MCM-41 and SBA-15 microparticles (fractions between 1 and 160 microm) was determined in vitro on undifferentiated human colon carcinoma (Caco-2) cell line, considering the feasibility of using these silica-based materials in oral drug formulations. The cellular endpoints employed for assessing the effects of the(More)
Gold nanorods, DNA origami, and porous silicon nanoparticle-functionalized biocompatible double emulsion are developed for versatile molecular targeted therapeutics and antibody combination therapy. This advanced photothermal responsive all-in-one biocompatible platform can be easily formed with great therapeutics loading capacity for different cancer(More)
Rapid immune recognition and subsequent elimination from the circulation hampers the use of many nanomaterials as carriers to targeted drug delivery and controlled release in the intravenous route. Here, we report the effect of a functional self-assembled protein coating on the intravenous biodistribution of (18)F-labeled thermally hydrocarbonized porous(More)
Glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone that is in the pipeline for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) therapy. However, oral administration of GLP-1 is hindered by the harsh conditions of the gastrointestinal tract and poor bioavailability. In this study, three nanosystems composed by three different biomaterials (poly(lactide-co-glycolide)(More)