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PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of long-circulating PEGylated cyanoacrylate nanoparticles to diffuse into the brain tissue. METHODS Biodistribution profiles and brain concentrations of [14C]-radiolabeled PEG-PHDCA, polysorbate 80 or poloxamine 908-coated PHDCA nanoparticles, and uncoated PHDCA nanoparticles were determined by(More)
Previous in vivo observations in rats have shown that poly(ethylene glycol) polyhexadecylcyanoacrylate (PEG-PHDCA) nanoparticles could translocate into the brain after intravenous injection, which polyhexadecylcyanoacrylate (PHDCA) nanoparticles did not. Through the detailed analysis of the plasma protein adsorption onto the surface of PEG-PHDCA(More)
The accumulation of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) in the brain is a critical hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. This high cerebral Aβ concentration may be partly caused by impaired clearance of Aβ across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP-1) and the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) protein ABCB1 (P-glycoprotein) are(More)
Bromocriptin (BCT) is a dopaminergic receptor agonist, poorly transported through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and responsible for central side effects. Interactions between BCT and the efflux protein, P-glycoprotein (Pgp), have been described in vitro but nothing is known in vivo nor at the BBB level. At the BBB, in vivo, we investigated BCT as (i) a Pgp(More)
PURPOSE To investigate in vivo the fate and the behavior of lectin-particle conjugates after oral administration. METHODS Two plant lectins were selected, namely Lycopersicon esculentum L. and Lotus tetragonolobus lectins, which have been reported to be specific for oligomers of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine and L-fucose, respectively, and conjugated to small(More)
Poly(methoxypolyethyleneglycol cyanoacrylate-co-hexadecylcyanoacrylate) (PEG-PHDCA) nanoparticles have demonstrated their capacity to diffuse through the blood-brain barrier after intravenous administration. However, the mechanism of transport of these nanoparticles into brain has not yet been clearly elucidated. The development of a model of rat brain(More)
We evaluated the integrity and function of the blood-brain barrier in 3xTg-AD mice aged 3-18 months and in APP/PS1 mice aged 8-months to determine the impacts of changes in amyloid and tau proteins on the brain vascular changes. The vascular volume (Vvasc) was sub-normal in 3xTg-AD mice aged from 6 to 18 months, but not in the APP/PS1 mice. The uptakes of(More)
Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that requires treatment by dopaminergic agonists, which may be responsible for central side effects. We hypothesized that the efflux transporter ABCB1/P-glycoprotein played a role in brain disposition of antiparkinsonian drugs and could control central toxicity. We aimed to evaluate antiparkinsonian drugs(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the tumor accumulation of radiolabeled long-circulating poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-coated hexadecylcyanoacrylate nanospheres and non-PEG-coated hexadecylcyanoacrylate nanospheres (used as control), after intravenous injection in Fischer rats bearing intracerebrally well established 9L gliosarcoma. Both types of(More)
This study presents a method for the design of novel composite core-shell nanoparticles able to encapsulate busulfan, a crystalline drug. They were obtained by co-precipitation of mixtures of poly(isobutylcyanoacrylate) (PIBCA) and of a diblock copolymer, poly(epsilon-caprolactone)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PCL-PEG), in different mass ratios. The nanoparticle(More)