Héléne Chacun

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The accumulation of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) in the brain is a critical hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. This high cerebral Aβ concentration may be partly caused by impaired clearance of Aβ across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP-1) and the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) protein ABCB1 (P-glycoprotein) are(More)
Purpose. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of long-circulating PEGylated cyanoacrylate nanoparticles to diffuse into the brain tissue. Methods. Biodistribution profiles and brain concentrations of [14C]-radiolabeled PEG-PHDCA, polysorbate 80 or poloxamine 908-coated PHDCA nanoparticles, and uncoated PHDCA nanoparticles were determined by(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the tumor accumulation of radiolabeled long-circulating poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-coated hexadecylcyanoacrylate nanospheres and non-PEG-coated hexadecylcyanoacrylate nanospheres (used as control), after intravenous injection in Fischer rats bearing intracerebrally well established 9L gliosarcoma. Both types of(More)
Miltefosine (hexadecylphosphocholine, HePC) is the first effective oral agent for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis. This study aimed to determine whether this oral administration alters the integrity and transport capacities of the intestinal barrier. The objectives of this study were: (i) to evaluate the cytotoxicity of HePC, (ii) to investigate the(More)
Previous in vivo observations in rats have shown that poly(ethylene glycol) polyhexadecylcyanoacrylate (PEG-PHDCA) nanoparticles could translocate into the brain after intravenous injection, which polyhexadecylcyanoacrylate (PHDCA) nanoparticles did not. Through the detailed analysis of the plasma protein adsorption onto the surface of PEG-PHDCA(More)
Purpose. The aim of the study was to evaluate the capacity of poly(isohexylcyanoacrylate) nanospheres to concentrate 3′-azido 3′-deoxythymidine (AZT) in the intestinal epithelium and associated immunocompetent cells, which are known to be one of the major reservoirs of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Methods. The tissue concentration of(More)
Poly(methoxypolyethyleneglycol cyanoacrylate-co-hexadecylcyanoacrylate) (PEG-PHDCA) nanoparticles have demonstrated their capacity to diffuse through the blood-brain barrier after intravenous administration. However, the mechanism of transport of these nanoparticles into brain has not yet been clearly elucidated. The development of a model of rat brain(More)
PURPOSE The efficacy of sterically stabilized liposomes for delivering a model phosphodiester oligonucleotide intravitreally was investigated in the rabbit. METHODS Ocular distribution and clearance from the vitreous humor of a model 16-mer oligothymidylate (pdT16) were evaluated in the rabbit by radioactivity measurements after intravitreal injection of(More)
Bromocriptin (BCT) is a dopaminergic receptor agonist, poorly transported through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and responsible for central side effects. Interactions between BCT and the efflux protein, P-glycoprotein (Pgp), have been described in vitro but nothing is known in vivo nor at the BBB level. At the BBB, in vivo, we investigated BCT as (i) a Pgp(More)
The aim of this study was to design a new antisense oligonucleotide (ON) carrier system based on alginate nanoparticles and to investigate its ability to protect ON from degradation in the presence of serum. Pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of ON-loaded nanoparticles have been determined after intravenous administration. An original and dynamic(More)