Hélène Zephir

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Sustained-release fampridine (fampridine-SR) improves gait velocity and self-perceived capacities in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, little is known about the treatment's effect on temporospatial gait parameters, walking endurance, general fatigue, hand function and quality of life (QoL). We therefore sought to evaluate these parameters in a(More)
The aim of the Multiple Sclerosis Think Tank (Groupe de Réflexion sur la Sclérose en Plaques [GRESEP]), composed of hospital neurologists involved in the management of patients with multiple sclerosis, is to provide recommendations in response to clinical questions that are raised when managing these patients. After work done on the themes of useful serum(More)
BACKGROUND Acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is characterized by a severe inflammatory attack, frequently secondary to infectious events or vaccinations. To date, no clear criteria exist for ADEM, and the risk of subsequent evolution to multiple sclerosis (MS) remains unknown. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the risk of evolution to MS after a first(More)
There are no generally effective disease-modifying drugs for progressive forms of multiple sclerosis (MS). Some MS centres use cyclophosphamide (CYC) in secondary progressive (SP) forms of MS, especially after interferon beta-1b (INFbeta-1b) treatment failure. Moreover, there are currently no approved drugs for primary progressive (PP) MS. Using the(More)
BACKGROUND Optical coherence tomography has emerged as a new tool for quantifying axonal loss in multiple sclerosis (MS). A reduction in retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness is correlated with Expanded Disability Status Scale score and brain atrophy. OBJECTIVE To investigate RNFL and macular volume measurements using optical coherence tomography in(More)
IMPORTANCE The safety and efficacy of switching from natalizumab to fingolimod have not yet been evaluated in a large cohort of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) to our knowledge. OBJECTIVE To collect data from patients with MS switching from natalizumab to fingolimod. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS The Enquête Nationale sur l'Introduction du(More)
Intravenous (IV) cyclophosphamide is currently used in secondary progressive (SP) and Primary progressive (PP) Multiple Sclerosis (MS) but its efficacy remains uncertain. Furthermore, it is necessary to determine which MS should be successfully treated with IV cyclophosphamide. We retrospectively investigated 111 consecutive patients with progressive MS (21(More)
Pathologic laughing occurs in approximately 10% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), especially when patients have entered the chronic stage. We describe four patients with MS who, at an early stage, developed pathologic laughing associated, in two cases, with intractable hiccups. In two patients, MRI showed an enhanced lesion in the medulla oblongata(More)
INTRODUCTION Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis, a metabolic leukodystrophy with an autosomal recessive inheritance, is secondary to deficiency of sterol 27-hydroxylase, an enzyme involved in cholesterol catabolism. Classical symptoms include clinical or infraclinical xanthomas affecting the skin and tendons, early cataracts, neurological signs and diarrhea.(More)
We aimed to evaluate the long-term (>2 years) outcome of acute and subacute myelopathies (ASM). We systematically followed-up consecutive patients presenting with a first episode of ASM, defined by spinal cord symptoms with an onset <3 weeks and duration >or=48 h. Patients with compressive or traumatic spinal cord lesions are excluded from this report. Our(More)