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BACKGROUND Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory disease with combined features of optic neuritis and myelitis. This pathologic entity may induce severe disability, including visual loss and paraplegia. Other than clinical follow-up, there is no marker for severity of the disease. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the use of optical coherence tomography(More)
To measure the prevalence of JCV-specific antibodies in a French cohort of MS patients treated with natalizumab and to identify risk factor(s) of JCV seropositivity. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) risk may be stratified by anti-JCV antibody status, duration of natalizumab therapy (≥24 months) and prior exposure to immunosuppressive (IS)(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment options for patients suffering from progressive forms of multiple sclerosis (MS) remain inadequate. Mast cells actively participate in the pathogenesis of MS, in part because they release large amounts of various mediators that sustain the inflammatory network. Masitinib, a selective oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor, effectively inhibits(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies in multiple sclerosis (MS) showed longer survival times from clinical onset than older hospital-based series. However estimated median time ranges widely, from 24 to 45 years, which makes huge difference for patients as this neurological disease mainly starts around age 20 to 40. Precise and up-to-date reference data about(More)
BACKGROUND Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is often associated with other clinical or serological markers of non-organ-specific autoimmunity. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between NMO spectrum disorders (NMOSDs), including NMO, longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis, and recurrent optic neuritis, and autoimmune disease. We concentrated on the(More)
OBJECTIVE To optimize aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody (Ab) detection and to assess the influence of the increased sensitivity of the assay on the demographic and disease-related characteristics of a group of AQP4-Ab-negative patients. METHODS Serum samples were obtained from patients included in the French NOMADMUS database with a definite diagnosis of(More)
BACKGROUND There have been few epidemiologic studies on neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and none used the recent 2006 diagnostic criteria. Here we describe the clinical, laboratory, MRI, and disability course of NMO in a French cohort of 125 patients. METHODS We performed an observational, retrospective, multicenter study. Data were collected from September(More)
In multiple sclerosis (MS), nystagmus or internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) are the usual ocular motor dysfunctions. However, in patients with focal brainstem lesions, other rare manifestations may be observed, such as an isolated ocular motor nerve palsy or complex ocular motor disturbances. We report five MS patients with unusual ocular motor disturbances(More)
Natalizumab is the first selective adhesion molecule inhibitor indicated for treatment of active relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Natalizumab has been available in France since April 2007. The aims of this study are to analyze demographic, clinical, and tolerance data from French patients with RRMS treated with natalizumab in actual clinical(More)
Sustained-release fampridine (fampridine-SR) improves gait velocity and self-perceived capacities in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, little is known about the treatment's effect on temporospatial gait parameters, walking endurance, general fatigue, hand function and quality of life (QoL). We therefore sought to evaluate these parameters in a(More)