Hélène Valentin

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BACKGROUND Double stranded RNA (dsRNA) is widely accepted as an RNA motif recognized as a danger signal by the cellular sentries. However, the biology of non-segmented negative strand RNA viruses, or Mononegavirales, is hardly compatible with the production of such dsRNA. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS During measles virus infection, the IFN-beta gene(More)
Integrins are a superfamily of related molecules whose function, where known, is to mediate adhesion. The so-called very-late-activation antigen (VLA) family includes at least five distinct heterodimers, each composed of a unique alpha-subunit non-covalently associated with a common beta-subunit. Several members of the family have been shown to bind(More)
Measles virus (MV) nucleoprotein (N) is a cytosolic protein that is released into the extracellular compartment after apoptosis and/or secondary necrosis of MV-infected cells in vitro. Thus, MV-N becomes accessible to inhibitory cell-surface receptors: FcgammaRIIB and an uncharacterized nucleoprotein receptor (NR). MV-N is composed of two domains: NCORE (aa(More)
Measles virus infection induces a profound immunosuppression that may lead to serious secondary infections and mortality. In this report, we show that the human cortical thymic epithelial cell line is highly susceptible to measles virus infection in vitro, resulting in infectious viral particle production and syncytium formation. Measles virus inhibits(More)
Analysis of measles virus (MV) pathogenesis requires the development of an adequate small animal model of MV infection. In this study, permissivity to MV infection was compared in human and transgenic murine T lymphocytes, expressing different levels of the human MV receptor, CD46. Whereas MV binding and entry correlated with CD46 expression, higher levels(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) are common and rare diseases, respectively. They associate myeloid cell recruitment and survival in inflammatory conditions with tissue destruction and bone resorption. Manipulating dendritic cell (DC), and, especially, regulating their half-life and fusion, is a challenge. Indeed, these(More)
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